Attitudes about Human Papillomavirus Vaccine among Family Physicians
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines will soon be available for clinical use, and the effectiveness of vaccine delivery programs will depend largely upon whether providers recommend the vaccine. The objectives of this study were to examine family physicians' attitudes about HPV immunization and to identify predictors of intention to recommend immunization.
Cross-sectional survey instrument assessing provider and practice characteristics, knowledge about HPV, attitudes about HPV vaccination, and intention to administer two hypothetical HPV vaccines.
Surveys were mailed to a national random sample of 1,000 American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) members.
Intention to administer two hypothetical HPV vaccines (a cervical cancer/genital wart vaccine and a cervical cancer vaccine) to boys and girls of different ages.
One hundred fifty-five surveys (15.5%) were returned and 145 were used in the final sample. Participants reported higher intention to recommend both hypothetical HPV vaccines to girls vs. boys (P < 0.0001) and to older vs. younger adolescents (P < 0.0001). They were more likely to recommend a cervical cancer/genital wart vaccine than a cervical cancer vaccine to boys and girls (P < 0.001). Variables independently associated with intention (P < 0.05) included: female gender of provider, knowledge about HPV, belief that organizations such as the AAFP would endorse vaccination, and fewer perceived barriers to vaccination.
Female gender, knowledge about HPV, and attitudes about vaccination were independently associated with family physicians' intention to recommend HPV vaccines. Vaccination initiatives directed toward family physicians should focus on modifiable predictors of intention to vaccinate, such as HPV knowledge and attitudes about vaccination.
Available from: Olumide Abiodun
- "Previous studies on the knowledge of HPV infection and vaccines; and acceptability of HPV vaccines among health care providers and the public have shown varied results (Makwe CC 2011, Jain N 2009, Dursun P 2009, Christian WJ 2009, Klug SJ 2008, Riedesel JM 2005, Daley MF 2006, Songthap A 2009, Kwan TT 2009, Jones M 2008) (Tozzi AE 2009). Majority of these studies are however from developed countries. "
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ABSTRACT: Background Availability of effective vaccine against cervical cancer is not synonymous with effective control program. Awareness and knowledge of the vaccine is pertinent to its uptake. It is important to identify possible barriers to successful HPV vaccination program among young people. Materials and Methods A cross-sectional study of 572 female students selected by probability sampling technique from two Universities in South West, Nigeria was carried with the use of self-administered questionnaire. Results The proportion of respondents who were able to correctly identify risk factors for cervical cancer ranged from 14.3% (increasing age) to 53.5% (Chlamydia infection). Less than 50% of the participants were found to be knowledgeable about all the knowledge themes except the preventable nature of cervical cancer of which 62.9% were knowledgeable. The commonest sources of information were health care providers and seminars (44.1% each). Three hundred and forty-six (60.5%) respondents were willing to receive the vaccine. Age, faculty, age at menarche, awareness of HPV infection and cervical cancer; and all the knowledge themes except the need for male vaccination shows statistically significant relationship with acceptability of HPV vaccine (p < 0.05). Possible barrier to successful implementation of HPV vaccination program among young people in Nigeria were also identified. Inadequate information was thought to be the major barrier (68.9%). The other barriers were cost (38.1%), worry about possible complications (15.0%) and vaccine efficacy (13.3%); and lack of parental consent for vaccination (12.9%). Conclusion Knowledge of HPV vaccine is poor but its acceptability is high. Successful HPV vaccination program will depend on innovative and multi-pronged campaign that addresses various misconceptions about the vaccine. Economic accessibility of the vaccines also needs to be enhanced.
Available from: Oluyinka Oladele Opaleye
- "In April 2009, WHO issued a position paper on HPV vaccination which recommended that routine HPV vaccination be included in national immunization program, provided that cervical cancer or other HPV-related disease prevention measures are a public health priority for the country . The vaccine is available and accessible at some private and public hospitals in Nigeria at a cost range of nine thousand naira to fifteen thousand naira (N9, 000:00–N15, 000:00) . Despite the prevalence and burden of cervical cancer worldwide with almost 80% occurring in developing countries such as Nigeria, only about 52% of Nigerian women were aware of this deadly disease . "
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ABSTRACT: . Cervical cancer caused by human papilloma virus (HPV) though preventable has claimed the lives of many women worldwide. This study was embarked upon to evaluate the general knowledge and perceptions of Nigerian women on HPV, cervical cancer, and HPV vaccine.
. Structured questionnaires were administered to a cross section of 737 women randomly selected from the general population in two southwestern States of Nigeria. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS computer software version 16. A
value >0.05 was considered statistically significant.
. One hundred and seventy-six (23.9%) of the respondents had knowledge of HPV; 474 (64.3%) are aware of cervical cancer but only 136 (18.5%) know that HPV causes cervical cancer. 200 (27.1%) are aware that there is an HPV vaccine while 300 (40.7%) had knowledge of Pap smear test. Two hundred and sixty (35.3%) of the respondents know that early detection of HPV can prevent cervical cancer and in spite of this, only 110 (14.9%) have taken the Pap smear test before while 151 (20.5%) are not willing to go for the test at all.
. There is therefore the need to create proper awareness on the HPV and its possible consequence of cervical carcinoma.
Available from: Karim Al-Jashamy
- "Therefore the role of health care workers and teachers is vital. Several studies reported that Attitudes among health care providers are important for successful HPV vaccine implementation (Kahn et al., 2005; Riedesel et al., 2005; Zimet et al., 2006). A study by Rosenthal et al. (2008) indicates that mothers who had been counseled by a physician had more positive attitudes toward the vaccination. "
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The objective of this study is to determine the practice and associated factors of HPV vaccine among school girls in Melaka, Malaysia.
A total number of 612 secondary school girls participated in this study. The questionnaire consists of 38 questions which included 3 sections. The first section is about socio- demography. The Second section is about knowledge and awareness of HPV vaccines. The third section is about practices with associated barriers of HPV vaccination. Verbal consent was obtained from all participants, and data were analyzed using SPSS 13.
A total number of 612 secondary school girl students participated in this study. The mean age was 13.93 ± SD (1.09); minimum age was 13 years old and maximum was 17 years old. The majority of them was Malay, from rural areas and had a family monthly income of RM 3000 or less (91.8%, 53.1%, 69.6%; respectively). The majority of the parents of the school girls were with secondary education level (56.4%). The majority of the participants did not have a family history of cervical cancer (99.0%). The prevalence of HPV vaccination was 77.9% among school girls in Melaka. The majority of the participants were vaccinated in their schools (77.0%). About 69% knew about cervical cancer and 77.6% had ever heard about HPV vaccine. Regarding the factors that influence the practice of uptake HPV vaccine, they were age, race, income, parents' education, knowledge about cervical cancer, heard about HPV vaccine and place of getting the vaccine (p<0.001).
The prevalence of HPV vaccine among school girls is high. Age, race, income, parents' education, knowledge about cervical cancer, heard about HPV vaccine and place of getting the vaccine were the significant factors that influence the practice of uptake HPV vaccine among school girls.
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