Impaired circadian rhythm of gastric myoelectrical activity in patients with multiple system atrophy
Chiba University, Tiba, Chiba, Japan Clinical Autonomic Research
(Impact Factor: 1.49).
01/2006; 15(6):368-72. DOI: 10.1007/s10286-005-0294-3
In order to evaluate gastric motility and its circadian rhythm in patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA) and healthy control subjects, we measured gastric myoelectrical activity (GMA) for 24 hours using a cutaneous electrogastrogram (EGG) recorder in 14 MSA patients and 9 age-matched controls. We analyzed six 10-minute segments of EGG before and after each meal and two 20-minute EGG segments during sleep; three parameters were used for the analysis: dominant frequency (DF), instability coefficient of dominant frequency (ICDF), and dominant power (DP). DF increased during daytime and decreased during sleep in the control, while this circadian variation was blunted in the patients with MSA. The average DF of the eight segments in the MSA patients did not differ from that of the control. Both MSA patients and control subjects did not show the circadian variation of ICDF and DP. The average ICDF of the eight segments in the patients with MSA was significantly decreased when compared with that of the control (p < 0.01). No differences were observed in DP between the two groups. This study indicates that the healthy subjects appear to have a circadian rhythm of DF, and the patients with MSA appear to have impaired circadian rhythm of DF and decreased ICDF possibly due to the degeneration of the central autonomic neurons.
Available from: Ching Jung Lai
- "In previous human studies, the recording interval of GMA during different stages of sleep was limited to 20 min because of the duration of each stage of sleep (Elsenbruch et al., 1999; Orr et al., 1997). With the application of continuous power spectral analysis and semi-automatic sleep staging algorithm, compatible results were obtained in our study with less effort and we believe our methodology of prolonged recording would increase the opportunity of revealing changes that are not evident in recordings of limited length (Familoni et al., 1991; Guo et al., 2001; Kellow et al., 1990; Lin et al., 2000; Suzuki et al., 2005). Although the HRV technique is one of the best non-invasive methods to detect cardiac autonomic regulations, it provides only indirect indicators of the autonomic function. "
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ABSTRACT: The gastric myoelectrical activity (GMA) fluctuates across sleep-wake states as a result of modulation by the brain-gut axis. The role of the autonomic nervous system in this phenomenon, however, was not elucidated fully. Through simultaneous recording and subsequent continuous power spectral analysis of electroencephalogram, electromyogram, electrocardiogram and electrogastromyogram (EGMG) in 16 freely moving Wistar rats, the sleep-wake states of the animals were defined and indices of cardiac autonomic regulation and GMA were calculated. We found that both cardiac autonomic regulation and GMA fluctuated through sleep-wake cycles. Correlation analysis further revealed significant correlations between EGMG power and each of the R-R interval, high-frequency power, low-frequency power, very-low-frequency power, low-frequency power to high-frequency power ratio and normalized low-frequency power of heart rate variability with respect to their trend of change across different sleep-wake states. These results suggest that the sleep-wake-related change of GMA was related to sympathovagal balance. The sympathetic nerve may play a more important role in the central modulation of GMA than perceived previously.
Available from: Toshio Moritani
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ABSTRACT: Clock genes regulate circadian rhythm and are involved in various physiological processes, including digestion. We therefore investigated the association between the CLOCK 3111T/C single nucleotide polymorphism and the Period3 (PER3) variable-number tandem-repeat polymorphism (either 4 or 5 repeats 54 nt in length) with morning gastric motility.
Lifestyle questionnaires and anthropometric measurements were performed with 173 female volunteers (mean age, 19.4 years). Gastric motility, evaluated by electrogastrography (EGG), blood pressure, and heart rate levels were measured at 8:30 a.m. after an overnight fast. For gastric motility, the spectral powers (% normal power) and dominant frequency (DF, peak of the power spectrum) of the EGG were evaluated. The CLOCK and PER3 polymorphisms were determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis.
Subjects with the CLOCK C allele (T/C or C/C genotypes: n = 59) showed a significantly lower DF (mean, 2.56 cpm) than those with the T/T genotype (n = 114, 2.81 cpm, P < 0.05). Subjects with the longer PER3 allele (PER34/5 or PER35/5 genotypes: n = 65) also showed a significantly lower DF (2.55 cpm) than those with the shorter PER34/4 genotype (n = 108, 2.83 cpm, P < 0.05). Furthermore, subjects with both the T/C or C/C and PER34/5 or PER35/5 genotypes showed a significantly lower DF (2.43 cpm, P < 0.05) than subjects with other combinations of the alleles (T/T and PER34/4 genotype, T/C or C/C and PER34/4 genotypes, and T/T and PER34/5 or PER35/5 genotypes).
These results suggest that minor polymorphisms of the circadian rhythm genes CLOCK and PER3 may be associated with poor morning gastric motility, and may have a combinatorial effect. The present findings may offer a new viewpoint on the role of circadian rhythm genes on the peripheral circadian systems, including the time-keeping function of the gut.
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ABSTRACT: Electrogastrography (EGG) is the recording and the interpretation of gastric electrical activity. Recordings can be made from the gastrointestinal mucosa, serosa, or skin surface. Because of its ease of use, cutaneous EGG has gained wide acceptance. Many technical problems have been solved to obtain a good graph. The EGG is usually evaluated in terms of changes in the EGG waves amplitude and frequency. Deviations from the normal frequency of 3 cycles per minute may be referred to as brachy- or tachyarrhythmia. The clinical use of EGG has been most widely evaluated in patients with gastroparesis and functional dyspepsia. Scintigraphic gastric emptying is considered the gold standard test for evaluating gastroparesis and 13C-octanoate breath test an ideal alternative because does not use ionizing radiation. While gastric emptying evaluates the efficiency of gastric emptying, EGG focuses on the underlying myoelectrical activity. Using both EGG and 13C-octanoate breath test will be possible to detect many subset of dyspeptic patients and to understand the underlying problem.
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