A 32-year-old man presented with 3-weeks history of abdominal pain and distention. Physical examination showed ascites, with no stigmata of chronic liver disease. Cytological preparations from the ascitic fluid showed a heavy population of mature eosinophils. Histological examination of colonic biopsies revealed a heavy expansion of the mucosa by sheaths of eosinophils. On the following days, the peripheral eosinophilia, ascites and abdominal pain resolved spontaneously.
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"In most cases, the disease is essentially benign and pharmacologic therapy is not always indicated . Many patients have been reported to spontaneously recover over a period of days . In particular, the outcome of eosinophilic ascites was favorable in 90% and relapses occurred in 26% of 42 cases studied by Durieu et al. . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Eosinophilic gastroenteritis is a rare condition characterized by recurrent eosinophilic infiltration of portions of the GI tract and presenting with nonspecific GI symptoms in association with peripheral eosinophilia. Its etiology and pathogenesis remain unclear and its symptoms overlap with many GI and systemic diseases. Thus, both gastroenterologists and general internists need to be aware of this rare condition. We present a case of a 55-year-old male with diffuse abdominal pain and distention for two weeks. His physical examination was significant for moderate ascites. Initial work-up demonstrated severe peripheral blood eosinophilia, normal liver function tests, thickening of the stomach and small bowel wall, and elevated serum IgE. Upper endoscopy and extensive testing for malignancy and parasitic infections failed to establish a diagnosis. Ascitic fluid analysis showed significant eosinophilia. Further, a full-thickness jejunal showed marked eosinophilic infiltration of the serosa and muscularis propria. Subsequent treatment with oral prednisone resulted in normalization of laboratory and radiologic abnormalities in a few week period.
"Other published reports of “eosinophilic colitis” have included histological examination of colonic biopsies but without quantification of eosinophil density. In some of these cases a “massive” or “heavy” eosinophilic infiltrate was described while in others it was “patchy” with “varying” numbers of eosinophils [46, 51, 55, 56]. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Reports of "eosinophilic colitis"-raised colonic mucosal eosinophil density in patients with lower gastrointestinal symptoms-have increased markedly over the last fifteen years, though it remains a rarity. There is no consensus over its diagnosis and management, and uncertainty is compounded by the use of the same term to describe an idiopathic increase in colonic eosinophils and an eosinophilic inflammatory reaction to known aetiological agents such as parasites or drugs. In patients with histologically proven colonic eosinophilia, it is important to seek out underlying causes and careful clinicopathological correlation is advised. Because of the variability of eosinophil density in the normal colon, it is recommended that histological reports of colonic eosinophilia include a quantitative morphometric assessment of eosinophil density, preferably across several sites. Few reported cases of "eosinophilic colitis" meet these criteria. As no correlation has been shown between colonic eosinophil density and symptoms in older children or adults, it is suggested that treatment should be directed towards alleviation of symptoms and response to treatment assessed clinically rather than by histological estimates of intramucosal eosinophils.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Eosinophilic ascites (EA) is a rare disorder of unknown etiology that has been reported in both adult and pediatric patients. It is a part of the syndrome of eosinophilic gastroenteritis, which is characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of any or all layers of the gut wall and may involve any segment of the gastrointestinal tract. Peripheral eosinophilia may or may not be present. We report a case of EA that developed post partum.