Anti-genotoxic effect of Aloysia tripylla infusion against acrylamide-induced DNA damage as shown by the comet assay technique

Laboratorio de Genética Toxicológica, Departamento de Ciencias Básicas, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad del Bío-Bío, Casilla 447-Chillán, Chile.
Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis (Impact Factor: 3.68). 03/2006; 603(2):145-50. DOI: 10.1016/j.mrgentox.2005.11.009
Source: PubMed


Aloysia triphylla a perennial, bushy plant originally from South America has long been used in traditional medicine. Its aqueous extract contains considerable amounts of polyphenolic compounds, namely flavonoids and phenolic acids. In view of the interest in natural phenolic compounds as antioxidant in preventive medicine, this study was undertaken to investigate the chemoprotective effects of cedron leaves infusion against the genetic damage induced by acrylamide (AA) by using the alkaline version of the comet assay technique. Mice were separated in nine groups (eight animals each): (I) untreated, (II) negative control, (III) treated with infusion of cedron leaves 5%, 20 days twice a day, (IV) treated with AA (5 mg/kg b.w.), (V) treated with AA (20 mg/kg b.w.), (VI) treated with AA (30 mg/kg b.w.), (VII) treated with AA (50 mg/kg b.w.), (VIII) pretreated with infusion and treated with AA (50 mg/kg b.w.) and (IX) positive control (cyclophosphamide, 20 mg/kg b.w.). Three hundred blast cells were digitally evaluated per animal from three different slides (100 each). Media of tail moment (TM) values were analyzed by ANOVA test. No statistical differences (p>0.05) were found between untreated animals, negative control and infusion-treated mice. A single dose of AA-induced genetic damage as revealed by a statistically significant increase in TM values (p<0.01). Pretreatment with infusion prior to AA injection significantly reduces the capacity of AA to induce genetic damage. In these conditions, tail moments values did not differ from data obtained in negative control (p>0.05) and exhibit statistical differences from animals treated only with AA (p<0.01). Cell viability was at least 90% in all cases as measured by the trypan blue exclusion method. The ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) method reveals that the plasma of infusion-treated mice has a significantly higher antioxidant capacity than plasma from controls (p<0.01). The results suggest that the infusion could exerts an in vivo chemo protective action, probably due to its scavenging potency towards free radicals.

Download full-text


Available from: Enrique Zamorano-Ponce, Mar 13, 2015

  • No preview · Article · Sep 2010 · Journal für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Verbena and lemon verbena aqueous preparations were investigated for their content of constituents, especially polyphenols by HPLC/DAD/ESI/MS analysis because they are used worldwide as herbal teas. The main class of compounds of these plants were phenylpropanoids (from 16 to 120 mg/g of dried extract), being verbascoside the most abundant in all the preparations up to 97% of the total phenylpropanoids. Also iridoids, hastatoside and verbenalin together with flavonoids, mono- and di-glucuronidic derivatives of luteolin and apigenin were found. These simple preparations, especially that obtained from infusion of lemon verbena, could be lyophilized to obtain a powder having interesting technological properties to be used as ingredients of cosmetics, food supplements and herbal medicinal products do to the many biological properties of verbascoside. In addition, the antioxidant property of the lemon verbena infusion was evaluated by the DPPH test using Trolox as the reference compound.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2008 · Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A review of risk factors affecting background rates of micronuclei and chromosomal aberration (CA) formation in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) was undertaken with a view to aiding the interpretation of genotoxicity biomonitoring studies. Both endogenous factors and those due to methodological variation were evaluated. Background variation of other indices of genotoxicity in PBLs (specifically 8-hydroxy-deoxyguanosine and comet assays) were also considered as these data likely reflect overlapping causes of DNA damage and may provide some indicators for future research areas. A number of host risk factors, namely age, gender, smoking, vitamin B(12) and folate status, were identified for which there is strong or sufficient evidence that they impact on background levels of genotoxicity biomarkers. Evaluation of these factors should be routinely included in genotoxicity biomonitoring studies. Although data on the influence of smoking is somewhat inconsistent, because of its known association with cancer and DNA damage, it is also classified as a high-risk factor. A number of other factors were identified for which there is weak or insufficient evidence including alcohol consumption, disease conditions and infections, physical exercise, body mass index and genotype. The review shows that the evaluation of biomonitoring studies of genotoxicity is complex and there is a need to improve study designs by setting an a priori hypothesis, collecting good exposure data and stratifying groups appropriately, using appropriate power calculations before initiating biomonitoring studies, and collecting information on appropriate risk factors. There is a need for further collaborative work and the establishment of centres of excellence on genotoxicity biomonitoring. If these measures are achieved, then it would be possible to use the data from biomonitoring studies in risk assessments to derive risk management measures.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2008 · Mutagenesis
Show more