[Association of estrogen receptor gene polymorphisms and primary trigeminal neuralgia].
To investigate the association of estrogen receptor (ER) gene polymorphism and primary trigeminal neuralgia.
By polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP), ER gene polymorphism was analyzed in 20 trigeminal neuralgia (TR) patients and 20 control individuals, and the distribution of ER genotype was compared in TR group and control group.
There was no significant difference in frequencies of allele and genotype in XbaI or PvuII polymorphism or XbaI with PvuII polymorphisms together between TR group and control group (P > 0.05). The genotypic distribution of Xx or PpXx in TR group was higher than control group, and it was contary to xx, ppxx or Ppxx in TR group and control group.
XbaI or PvuII polymorphism may be related to TR. Women with PpXx genotype may be a dangerous factor to primary trigeminal neuralgia.
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ABSTRACT: Endometriosis and leiomyoma are both common estrogen-related gynaecological diseases. We aimed to elucidate the association of estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha)-351 A>G (XbaI) and -397 T>C (PvuII) gene polymorphisms with endometriosis and leiomyoma. Women were divided into three groups: (i) severe endometriosis (n = 112), (ii) leiomyoma (n = 106) and (iii) normal controls (n = 110). Genomic DNA was obtained from peripheral leukocytes. ERalpha-351 A/G XbaI and -397 T/C PvuII polymorphisms were assayed by the method of PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). Genotypes and allelic frequencies in each group were compared. The genotype/allele frequencies of ERalpha-351 and -397 polymorphisms in endometriosis or leiomyoma groups were different from those of normal controls. ERalpha mutant-related genotypes/alleles (-351G and -397C) presented higher percentages in the endometriosis/leiomyoma population compared with normal controls. Proportions of ERalpha-351 AA/AG/GG genotypes and A/G alleles in each group were (i) 26.8/57.1/16.1 and 55.4/44.6%; (ii) 19.8/52.8/27.4 and 46.2/53.8% and (iii) 33.6/64.6/1.8 and 65.9/34.1%. Proportions of ERalpha-397 TT/TC/CC genotypes and T/C alleles in each group were (i) 24.1/60.7/15.2 and 54.5/45.5%; (ii) 23.6/70.8/5.6 and 59/41% and (iii) 54.5/40/5.5 and 74.5/25.5%. We concluded that ERalpha-351 XbaI*G- and -397 PvuII*C-related genotypes/alleles were correlated with higher susceptibilities of endometriosis or leiomyoma, which might be associated with related pathogeneses.
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