The SH4-Unique-SH3-SH2 domains dictate specificity in signaling that differentiate c-Yes from c-Src

Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Cell Biology, West Virginia University School of Medicine, PO Box 9300, Morgantown 26506, USA.
Journal of Cell Science (Impact Factor: 5.43). 07/2003; 116(Pt 12):2585-98. DOI: 10.1242/jcs.00466
Source: PubMed


c-Src and c-Yes are highly homologous members of the Src family of non-receptor tyrosine kinases. The overall sequence similarity between c-Src and c-Yes allows them to perform many overlapping functions. However, the phenotypes of the c-src and c-yes knockout mice, and cells derived from them, are quite different, indicating functional specificity between the two proteins. Specifically, c-src-/- cells are deficient in several processes that require dynamic regulation of the actin cytoskeleton. In order to begin to understand why c-Yes is unable to compensate for c-Src signaling, we used a series of Src/Yes chimeras in which the non-catalytic functional domains of Src527F were replaced by those of c-Yes. Using chicken embryo fibroblasts as a model system, our results indicate that the c-Yes N-terminal SH4-Unique domains are sufficient to inhibit the ability of Src527F to alter cell morphology, induce actin filament rearrangements or stimulate motility or invasive potential. The data also indicate that the SH4-Unique-SH3-SH2 domains of c-Yes work cooperatively and prevent activation of signaling proteins associated with Src527F transformation, including activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, phosphorylation of c-Raf and Akt and downregulation of RhoA-GTP. These data indicate that c-Yes may not modulate signals associated with c-Src-induced changes in actin filament integrity and may explain why c-Yes fails to compensate for c-Src signaling in src-/- cells.

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Available from: Xianglin Shi, Aug 19, 2014
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    • "Several SFKs contain residues in the N-terminal region that are phosphorylated and dephosphorylated in cellular processes (Joung et al., 1995; Hansen et al., 1997; Johnson et al., 2000). Moreover, swapping the Unique domains of Src and Yes interchanges the functional specificity of the two SFKs (Hoey et al., 2000; Summy et al., 2003; Werdich and Penn, 2005). The versatility and relevance of the active role of the Unique domain in Src function was confirmed by the discovery of binding by the Unique domain to different targets, such as acidic lipids, the SH3 domain, and calmodulin (Pérez et al., 2013). "
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