Acupuncture and related interventions for smoking cessation

Peninsula Medical School, Dept of General Practice and Primary Care, 25 Room N32, ITTC Building, Tamar Science Park, Plymouth, UK, PL6 8BX.
Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online) (Impact Factor: 6.03). 02/2006; 1(1):CD000009. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD000009.pub2
Source: PubMed


Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese therapy, generally using needles to stimulate particular points in the body. Acupuncture is used with the aim of reducing the withdrawal symptoms people experience when they try to quit smoking. Related therapies include acupressure, laser therapy and electrical stimulation. The review looked at trials comparing active acupuncture with sham acupuncture (using needles at other places in the body not thought to be useful) or other control conditions. The review did not find consistent evidence that active acupuncture or related techniques increased the number of people who could successfully quit smoking. However, acupuncture may be better than doing nothing, at least in the short term; and there is not enough evidence to dismiss the possibility that acupuncture might have an effect greater than placebo.

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Available from: John Lennox Campbell, Aug 29, 2014
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    • "These therapies are provided as secondary interventions based on the evidence that they can be helpful adjuncts rather than replacements for NRT and conventional smoking cessation support. [13] [14] These services are funded from charitable sources. "

    Full-text · Article · Jan 2015
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    • "Bioresonanztherapie · Doppelblind · MORA-Therapie · Placebotherapie · Rauchentwöhnung Pihtili/Galle/Cuhadaroglu/Kilicaslan/Issever/ Erkan/Cagatay/Gulbaran fects (see discussion). Various controlled studies26272829 have shown no effects of alternative therapy concepts, such as acupuncture , acupressure, homeopathy, hypnosis, laser therapy, and electrostimulation in smoking cessation. That is why in a recently published study on alternative smoking cessation therapies , Astrid Becerra et al. [30] proposed to seek new paths. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Since the 1970s, MORA bioresonance therapy has globally been applied in the context of complementary medicine for various indications. In this regard, practitioners also report successful application in smoking cessation. The present study aims to verify these reports in a controlled study setting. Methods: In order to achieve the aforementioned objective, we subjected the bioresonance method to a prospective, placebo-controlled, double-blind, parallel-group study involving 190 smokers. In both study groups (placebo n = 95; active bioresonance group; n = 95) the course of treatment and study conditions were standardized. Results: 1 week (77.2% vs. 54.8%), 2 weeks (62.4% vs. 34.4%), 1 month (51.1% vs. 28.6%), and 1 year (28.6% vs. 16.1%) after treatment, the success rate in the verum group differed significantly from the results in the placebo group. Also, the subjective health condition after treatment and subjective assessment of efficacy, polled after 1 week, were significantly more positive among participants in the active bioresonance therapy group than among those in the placebo group. Adverse side effects were not observed. Conclusion: According to the findings attained by this pilot study, bioresonance therapy is clinically effective in smoking cessation and does not show any adverse side effects.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2014 · Forschende Komplementärmedizin / Research in Complementary Medicine
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    • "AA had positive effects on smoking cessation as measured by CO or cotinine [8, 20] but not in the others [21]. The systematic review concluded that no particular acupuncture is superior to any other [22]. However, the poor sensitivity of CO and cotinine levels as indicators of smoking activity has been reported in young smokers [23]. "
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    ABSTRACT: The earlier one starts to smoke, the more likely it is that one's tobacco use will increase. Either auricular acupressure or multimedia education could improve physiological health status and reduce smoking for young smokers. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a 10-week auricular acupressure (AA) and interactive multimedia (IM) on smoking cessation in college smokers. A pre- and posttest control research design with two experiments (AA and IM) and one control was used. Thirty-two participants were in each of three groups. A significant difference from pretest to posttest among three groups was exhibited on carbon monoxide (CO), cotinine, and nicotine dependence. Scheffe's post hoc test found significances on CO in the AA between the IM and the control and cotinine and nicotine dependence between the AA and the control. After controlling the covariates, the main effect of the group was no difference in all outcomes. The interventions, especially AA, may contribute to a decrease of CO, cotinine, and nicotine dependence along with the time change. An analysis without controlling influences may overestimate interventional effects.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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