The Need for Family Meals

ArticleinJournal of the American Dietetic Association 106(2):218-9 · March 2006with6 Reads
DOI: 10.1016/j.jada.2005.12.023 · Source: PubMed
    • "Family members relate events of the day, plan and coordinate future activities, discuss their accomplishments and frustrations, etc. When family members eat together, they typically also eat a more balanced and nutritious meal (Neumark Sztainer, et al., 2003; Eizenberg, et al., 2004; Traveras, et al., 2005; Spear, 2006). As our results inTable 3 suggest, fathers in all three countries spend significantly more time in eating spells if a child less than 10 years old is present. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Parents invest in their children's human capital in several ways. We investigate the extent to which the levels and composition of parent-child time varies across countries with different welfare regimes: Finland, Germany and the United States. We test the hypothesis of parentchild time as a form of human capital investment in children using a propensity score treatment effects approach that accounts for the possible endogenous nature of time use and human capital investment. Result: There is considerable evidence of welfare regime effects on parent-child shared time. Our results provide mixed support for the hypothesis that noncare related parent-child time is human capital enriching. The strongest support is found in the case of leisure time and eating time.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2010
    • "Families also model attitudes towards food by providing and encouraging the consumption of different foods based on a range of factors, including nutritional knowledge (Variyam, Shim, and Blaylock 2001; Davison and Birch 2002; Cooke et al. 2003; Davison, Francis, and Birch 2005; Wardle, Carnell, and Cooke 2005) . In addition, parents also control environmental factors in the household (Agras and Mascola 2005; Gillman et al. 2000; Spear 2006). Several studies suggest that the weight status of children may be influenced by these environmental factors, such as TV-watching and playing video games (Dietz 1991; Storey et al. 2003). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This research uses experimental economics to measure the effect of parental generosity and child response on childhood overweight and obesity. The ‘Carrot-Stick’ experiment, an adaptation of the standard dictator game in which the respondent (the child) can punish or reward the dictator (the parent) based on the dictator’s generosity, served as basis of our examination. Two treatments are conducted, in which the child spends his or her earnings on non-food and food items. Our empirical analysis shows significant relationships between parental weight and their level of generosity regarding food items. We conclude that child response behavior, obesigenic factors in the household, and the child’s tendency toward being overweight and obese are significantly related.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2007 · Electronic International Journal of Time Use Research
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Title: The family meal: somewhat more than eating together The family can exert a strong influence on children's diet and eating behaviors, which, in turn, may have an impact on their weight status. Since the dawn of time, the dining table has been the nexus of family interaction. The simple act of sharing meals solidifies the family identity and family ties by modeling a wide range of learned behavioural patterns. One of the groups most affected in this respect are adolescents. Researchers have shown that family meals are associated with improved dietary intake. A higher frequency of family meals is associated with a greater intake of fruits, vegetables, grains and calcium-rich products, and negatively associated with consumption of fried foods and soft drinks. Family meals have also been shown to contribute to the development of regular eating habits and positive psychosocial functioning and to improvements in language and literacy. In addition, family meals have been associated with reduced risk-taking behav- iours such as smoking and alcohol and drug use, as well as better school performance.
    Article · · Electronic International Journal of Time Use Research
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