Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 mediates the inhibitory effects of hyaluronan on interleukin-1beta-induced matrix metalloproteinase production in rheumatoid synovial fibroblasts via down-regulation of NF-kappaB and p38.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, 54 Kawahara-cho, Shogoin, Sakyo, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan.
Rheumatology (Impact Factor: 4.48). 07/2006; 45(7):824-32.
Source: PubMed


In rheumatoid arthritis (RA), it is well known that rheumatoid synovial fibroblasts (RSF) produce matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) when stimulated with proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), which causes joint destruction. We have previously shown that hyaluronan (HA) inhibits IL-1beta actions in RSF via CD44, the principal HA receptor. However, CD44 mediates HA effects only partially, and intracellular events after the HA binding to its receptors remain unclear. We investigated the role of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), another cell surface receptor for HA, and the intracellular signalling pathways in the actions of HA.
RSF were isolated from rheumatoid synovial tissues by enzymatic digestion and cultured in monolayers. The confluent cells were incubated for 48 h with IL-1beta, IL-1beta in the presence of HA, or IL-1beta in the presence of HA with pretreatment with anti-ICAM-1 antibody. Secretion of MMP-1 and MMP-3 was analysed by immunoblotting and immunofluorescence cytochemistry. Immunofluorescence cytochemistry was also performed to evaluate binding of HA to ICAM-1. The phosphorylation of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) was analysed by immunoblotting.
Production of MMP-1 and MMP-3 by RSF was stimulated by IL-1beta. HA at > or =2 mg/ml significantly inhibited MMP production induced by IL-1beta in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, pretreatment with anti-ICAM-1 antibody at 50 mug/ml significantly blocked the effects of HA on the actions of IL-1beta on RSF, as shown by immunoblotting and immunofluorescence cytochemistry. Another immunofluorescence cytochemistry study demonstrated that HA bound RSF via ICAM-1. Inhibition studies revealed the requirement of NF-kappaB, p38 and c-jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) for IL-1beta-induced MMP production. IL-1beta activated all three pathways, whereas HA down-regulated their phosphorylation. Pretreatment with anti-ICAM-1 antibody reversed the inhibitory effects of HA on the activation of NF-kappaB and p38 without affecting JNK.
HA suppresses IL-1beta-enhanced MMP-1 and MMP-3 synthesis in RSF via ICAM-1 through down-regulation of NF-kappaB and p38. Intra-articular injection of HA of high molecular weight may work through such a mechanism in RA joints.

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    • "For example, pro-inflammatory cytokine such as interleukin (IL)-1␤ is produced by activated synoviocytes and articular chondrocytes. IL- 1␤ activates cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2), and increases expression of several matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), including MMP-1, MMP-3, and MMP-13 from normal articular human chondrocytes (Fan, Yang, Bau, Soder, & Aigner, 2006; Hiramitsu et al., 2006). Its signal transduction utilizes three classical mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways: p38, extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK), and Jun terminal kinase (JNK) (Saklatvala, 2007). "
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    • "VEGF induces capillary formation and is involved in the inflammatory process, while CTGF stimulates MMP-3 and cellular matrix degradation.[60–63] HA also inhibits IL-1β preventing MMP-1 and MMP-9 release, and it increases the cartilage catabolism of the joint.[43–45,62] "
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to examine the inhibitory effect of high molecular weight hyaluronan (HA) on nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB activation by COOH-terminal heparin-binding fibronectin fragment (HBFN-f) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) chondrocytes. When RA chondrocytes in monolayer or cartilage explants were cultured with HBFN-f, the fragment stimulated the phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB, leading to nitric oxide (NO) production in association with inducible form of NO synthase (iNOS) up-regulation. Inhibition studies with NF-kappaB inhibitors indicated the requirement of NF-kappaB for HBFN-f-induced NO production. Pretreatment with 2700 kDa HA resulted in significant suppression of NF-kappaB activation by HBFN-f. HA also inhibited HBFN-f-stimulated NO production with down-regulation of iNOS. The present study clearly demonstrated that high molecular weight HA suppressed HBFN-f-activated NF-kappaB in RA chondrocytes. HA could down-regulate the catabolic action of fibronectin fragments like HBFN-f in RA joints as a potent NF-kappaB inhibitor.
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