Predictors of persistent smoking and quitting among women smokers

Social and Behavioral Research in Cancer Group, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago, Box 913, Dunedin, NZ, New Zealand.
Addictive Behaviors (Impact Factor: 2.76). 10/2006; 31(9):1711-5. DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2005.12.008
Source: PubMed


This study examined predictors of persistent tobacco smoking and smoking cessation in a longitudinal study of women's health. The sample consisted of 575 women, with an average age of 34 years at baseline. Follow-up occurred some 13 years later. Two models of smoking behavior were examined, the first identifying correlates of daily smoking at baseline and the second identifying predictors of subsequent quitting at follow-up among those smoking at baseline. Poor maternal education, being young at birth of first child, high level of anxiety, having a partner who smoked, and high tea/coffee consumption were all associated with smoking at baseline. Being a young mother and number of cigarettes smoked at baseline predicted subsequent persistent smoking while high levels of anxiety significantly predicted subsequent quitting.

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    • "SES, education and early motherhood (McGee & Williams, 2006; Watt, Carson, Lawlor, Patel, Ebrahim, 2009). Additional factors include: emotional distress, depression, the belief that smoking is stress-relieving, concerns about weight control, lifetime intimate partner violence and childhood abuse (Jessup, Dibble, & Cooper, 2012; Kaufman & Augustson, 2008; Khor et al., 2006; McGee & Williams, 2006; World Health Organization [WHO], 2010). Parental smoking has also been linked to smoking among women (Oh et al., 2010), with adolescents with smoking parents more likely to become daily smokers (Peterson et al., 2006). "
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    • "Tabla 3. Variables predictivas de inicio de consumo de tabaco en mujeres: análisis univariado Variables predictivas No fumadoras año 2000 Nuevas No fumadoras Inicio de consumo de tabaco fumadoras 2006 2006 2000-2006 "

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