Fujita Y, Shibata A, Ogimoto I, Kurozawa Y, Nose T, Yoshimura T, et al. 2006. The effect of interaction between hepatitis C virus and cigarette smoking on the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma
We evaluated the interaction between hepatitis C virus (HCV) and cigarette smoking on death from hepatocellular cancer in The Japan Collaborative Cohort Study. The odds ratio of death from HCC for smoking was 9.60 (1.50-61.35) and 1.71(0.58-5.08) among anti-HCV positive and negative individuals, respectively.