[Isolation and characterization of brain tumor stem cells in human medulloblastoma]

ArticleinAi zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer 25(2):241-6 · March 2006with4 Reads
Source: PubMed
Tumor stem cells have been isolated from several kinds of solid tumors, including primary brain tumors such as glioma and medulloblastoma. This investigation was to establish a simplified culture system to isolate and passage brain tumor stem cells (BTSCs) from human medulloblastoma, observe their proliferation and differentiation, and determine the expression of normal neural stem cell antigens, CD133 and Nestin, in BTSCs. Eleven specimens of medulloblastoma were acutely dissociated and triturated into single cells without trypsin digestion. The tumor cells were seeded into serum-free DMEM/F12 medium (200,000 viable cells/ml) containing B27 (1:50), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF, 20 microg/L), epidermal growth factor (EGF, 20 microg /L), insulin (4 u/L), L-glutamine, and antibiotics. After generation, the primary brain tumor spheres (BTSs) were mechanically dissociated and passaged in the above serum-free medium. The monoclonal formation experiment was performed to determine the proportion of BTSCs in medulloblastoma and to observe the formation of BTSs. The differentiation of BTSCs was induced in mitogen-free DMEM/F12 medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum. The expression of CD133 and Nestin in BTSs was observed with immunofluorescence staining; the distribution of CD133-positive cells in tumor sections was assessed by immunohistochemistry. In each of the 11 specimens, only a minority of medulloblastoma cells showed the capacity of self-renew and proliferation. These BTSCs generated free-floating neurosphere-like BTSs in the simplified serum-free medium. The proportion of BTSCs with monoclonal formation capacity in primary tumor cells was (31.18+/-6.18)%. The BTSCs attached to poly-L-lysine-coated coverslips and differentiated when the serum-supplemented medium was added. The expression of CD133 and Nestin was detected in BTSCs. CD133-positive cells scattered or formed nest-like aggregations in tumor masses, and accounted for (33.06+/-8.57)% of all tumor cells. BTSCs, with the capacity of self-renew and proliferation and express CD133 and Nestin, are exist in human medulloblastoma. They could be isolated and cultured in the simplified serum-free medium, and their differentiation could be induced in serum-supplemented medium.
    • "have functional characteristics of CSCs, and conversely, cancer cells that lose their CSC marker expression may act like CSCs [44,45]. Currently, researchers are trying to identify the specific markers or sets of markers to characterize a pure CSC popu- lation [17]. "
    File · Dataset · Dec 2015 · Cancers
    • "have functional characteristics of CSCs, and conversely, cancer cells that lose their CSC marker expression may act like CSCs [44,45]. Currently, researchers are trying to identify the specific markers or sets of markers to characterize a pure CSC popu- lation [17]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Based on the cancer stem cell (CSC) concept model, a small population of cells with unique self-renewal properties and malignant potential exists in tumors. Immunohistochemistry was performed to detect the expression of CSC markers, CD133 and CD44, in a series of pediatric tumors. The association between expression of these markers and tumor characteristics was then analyzed. In Wilms tumors (WT), a significant positive correlation was found between expression of CD133 and the National Wilms Tumor Stage (NWTS) (p = 0.047). In neuroblastomas (NB), expression of CD133 was positively correlated with the International Neuroblastoma Staging System (INSS) (p-value = 0.012), indicating that the rate of CD133 positivity increased with the stage of these tumors. CD133, as a putative stem cell marker, is associated with more advanced stages of Wilms and NB tumors; therefore, this molecule can be a potential clinical prognostic marker in children suffering from NB or Wilms tumor.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2012
    • "When cultured using stringent conditions in specially-formulated serum-free tissue culture medium with epidermal growth factor and basic fibroblast growth factor, tumor cells grew non-adherently in clumps of cells rather than as monolayers and cells in these tumor-derived " neurospheres " (Figure 1) expressed genes characteristic of neural stem cells including CD133, the transcription factor Sox2, and nuclear and cytoplasmic proteins musashi-1and bmi-1. More recent studies have used CD133 alone or in combination with nestin, an intermediate filament protein expressed in embryonic neuroglial cells, to isolate TSC in MB, to establish an anaplastic MB cell line with stem cell features, and to develop clinically relevant xenograft mouse models of MB and high-grade glioma262728. CD133+ TSC have been identified in other pediatric brain tumors including ependymoma and atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT)293031. The cell of origin of ependymomas may be the radial glia cells as tumor-derived spheres displayed an immunophenotype (CD133+, nestin+, radial glia marker RC2+, and brain-lipid binding protein (BLBP+)) similar to that of normal radial glia cells [29]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recently, a subpopulation of cells, termed tumor-initiating cells or tumor stem cells (TSC), has been identified in many different types of solid tumors. These TSC, which are typically more resistant to chemotherapy and radiation compared to other tumor cells, have properties similar to normal stem cells including multipotency and the ability to self-renew, proliferate, and maintain the neoplastic clone. Much of the research on TSC has focused on adult cancers. With considerable differences in tumor biology between adult and pediatric cancers, there may be significant differences in the presence, function and behavior of TSC in pediatric malignancies. We discuss what is currently known about pediatric solid TSC with specific focus on TSC markers, tumor microenvironment, signaling pathways, therapeutic resistance and potential future therapies to target pediatric TSC.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2011
Show more

Recommended publications

Discover more