Mitral Peak Doppler E-wave to Peak Mitral Annulus Velocity Ratio Is an Accurate Estimate of Left Ventricular Filling Pressure and Predicts Mortality in End-stage Renal Disease
The study aimed to assess whether the mitral peak Doppler E-wave to peak mitral annulus velocity ratio (E/Ea) estimates left ventricular (LV) filling pressure (LVFP) and predicts mortality in end-stage renal disease.
In all, 125 candidates for renal transplant were prospectively studied. LV end-diastolic pressure of 15 mm Hg or greater at cardiac catheterization was defined as elevated LVFP.
Severe coronary artery disease, N- terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide level, left atrial size, flow propagation velocity, mitral E/Ea ratio, pulmonary atrial reversal velocity, and pulmonary-mitral atrial wave duration predicted an increased LVFP. However, the mitral E/Ea ratio (odds ratio 8.1, 95% confidence interval 5.1-9.6, P = .003) was the only independent predictor. An E/Ea of 15 or more, seen in 31 (25%) patients, predicted increased LVFP with sensitivity of 82% and specificity of 88%, and was associated with increased mortality (P = .005).
In end-stage renal disease, mitral E/Ea ratio 15 or higher accurately predicts increased LVFP and mortality.
Available from: Cheol Whee Park
- "In addition, the ACI was positively correlated with the LAD and E/E' ratio. The E/E' ratio is an accurate estimate of LVFP and a reliable marker of diastolic dysfunction in ESRD patients 23. Therefore, our results suggest that ACI is associated with LV diastolic stiffness and limited diastoilc filling. "
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ABSTRACT: Objective: This study evaluated the prognostic value of the aortic calcification index (ACI), an estimate of abdominal aortic calcification by plain abdominal computed tomography (CT), in terms of left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction, mortality, and nonfatal cardiovascular (CV) events in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients.
Method: PD patients who received both abdominal CT and echocardiography were divided into a low-ACI group (n=46) and a high-ACI group (n=46).
Results: During follow-up (median, 35.2 months; range, 3.6 - 111.3), 30 patients (32.6%) died and 10 patients (10.9%) developed nonfatal cardiovascular (CV) events. The 5-year event-free survival rates for mortality and nonfatal CV events were significantly lower in the high-ACI group compared with those in the low-ACI group (35.7% vs. 64.1%, P = 0.01). The ACI was positively correlated with left atrial diameter and ratio of peak early transmitral flow velocity to peak early diastolic mitral annular velocity (E/E' ratio; a marker of left ventricular diastolic function). Using multivariate analyses, the high-ACI group (vs. low-ACI group, HR 5.25, 95% CI 1.77 - 15.58, P = 0.003) and increased E/E' ratio (HR 1.16, 95% CI 1.03 - 1.31, P = 0.013) were independent predictors for mortality and CV events. The ACI provided a higher predictive value for adverse outcomes (AUC = 0.755, P = 0.002) than the E/E' ratio (AUC = 0.543, P = 0.61).
Conclusion: The ACI was significantly associated with left ventricular diastolic dysfunction and predicted all-cause mortality and nonfatal CV events in PD patients.
Available from: Hyeon Seok Hwang
- "In this study, the ACI showed positive correlation with E/E' ratio. The E/E' ratio is an accurate estimate of LV filling pressure and a reliable marker of LV diastolic dysfunction in ESRD patients (22). This suggest that ACI is associated with increased LV filling pressure. "
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ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the significance of aortic calcification index (ACI), an estimate of abdominal aortic calcification by plain abdominal computed tomography (CT), in terms of left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction, mortality, and nonfatal cardiovascular (CV) events in chronic hemodialysis patients. Hemodialysis patients who took both an abdominal CT and echocardiography were divided into a low-ACI group (n = 64) and a high-ACI group (n = 64). The high-ACI group was significantly older, had a longer dialysis vintage and higher comorbidity indices, and more patients had a previous history of CV disease than the low-ACI group. The ACI was negatively correlated with LV end-diastolic volume or LV stroke volume, and was positively correlated with the ratio of peak early transmitral flow velocity to peak early diastolic mitral annular velocity (E/E' ratio), a marker of LV diastolic function. The E/E' ratio was independently associated with the ACI. The event-free survival rates for mortality and nonfatal CV events were significantly lower in the high-ACI group compared with those in the low-ACI group, and the ACI was an independent predictor for all-cause deaths and nonfatal CV events. In conclusion, ACI is significantly associated with diastolic dysfunction and predicts all-cause mortality and nonfatal CV events in hemodialysis patients.
Available from: Roberto Pecoits-Filho
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ABSTRACT: Heart failure (HF) is very common in the general population, and risk factors for HF, such as coronary artery disease, diabetes, obesity, and hypertension, are frequently present in patients with CKD. Therefore, HF is also an important cause of morbidity and mortality in this population. Diastolic heart failure (DHF), also called HF with preserved ejection fraction, refers to a clinical syndrome in which patients have symptoms and signs of HF, normal or near normal left ventricular (LV) systolic function, and evidence of diastolic dysfunction (e.g., abnormal LV filling and elevated filling pressure). Recent data suggest that HF with normal ejection fraction is even more common in patients than HF with low ejection fraction, including those on hemodialysis. Not surprisingly, DHF is a strong predictor of death in CKD patients. In this article, we review the information available on the mechanisms, clinical presentation, impact, and potential interventions in DHF based on evidence from CKD patients, as well as evidence from the general population potentially applicable to the CKD population.
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