Article

The Impact of E-Learning in Medical Education

Division of Gerontology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA.
Academic Medicine (Impact Factor: 2.93). 04/2006; 81(3):207-12. DOI: 10.1097/00001888-200603000-00002
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

The authors provide an introduction to e-learning and its role in medical education by outlining key terms, the components of e-learning, the evidence for its effectiveness, faculty development needs for implementation, evaluation strategies for e-learning and its technology, and how e-learning might be considered evidence of academic scholarship. E-learning is the use of Internet technologies to enhance knowledge and performance. E-learning technologies offer learners control over content, learning sequence, pace of learning, time, and often media, allowing them to tailor their experiences to meet their personal learning objectives. In diverse medical education contexts, e-learning appears to be at least as effective as traditional instructor-led methods such as lectures. Students do not see e-learning as replacing traditional instructor-led training but as a complement to it, forming part of a blended-learning strategy. A developing infrastructure to support e-learning within medical education includes repositories, or digital libraries, to manage access to e-learning materials, consensus on technical standardization, and methods for peer review of these resources. E-learning presents numerous research opportunities for faculty, along with continuing challenges for documenting scholarship. Innovations in e-learning technologies point toward a revolution in education, allowing learning to be individualized (adaptive learning), enhancing learners' interactions with others (collaborative learning), and transforming the role of the teacher. The integration of e-learning into medical education can catalyze the shift toward applying adult learning theory, where educators will no longer serve mainly as the distributors of content, but will become more involved as facilitators of learning and assessors of competency.

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Available from: Michael J Mintzer, Oct 20, 2014
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    • "To date there has never been a specific origin of elearning , the term most likely originated during the 1980's, within the similar time frame of another delivery mode ISSN 2289-1358 © 2015 JISRI All rights reserved 9(3), 11-19, December 2015 Page 2 online learning (Joi, Camille & Krista, 2011). Triacca et al. (2004) added that e-learning was a type of online learning and others refers as web-based learning, web-based training, learning objects or distance learning, distributed learning, computer-assisted instruction, or Internet-based learning, open/ flexible learning (Jorge et al., 2006; Dringus & Cohen, 2005; Khan, 2001; Hassan, 2007; Triacca et al., 2004; Wagner, 2001). Other researchers like Urdan and Weggen (2000) and Hassan (2007) mentioned e-learning as the delivery of learning by electronic media; internet, intranets, extranets, satellite broadcast, audio/video tape, interactive TV, and CDROM and in line with Ellis (2004)'s beliefs, who said that E-learning not only covers content and instructional methods delivered via CD-ROM, the Internet or an Intranet but also includes audio-and videotape, satellite broadcast and interactive TV. "

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    • "Therefore, WBL is effective only if successfully integrated in curricula and consistently used by learners [23]. Given the comparable educational outcomes of WBL and traditional methods [18] [19] [21], it is crucial to assess the feasibility [24] of WBL implementation in order to balance expense and educational benefits, especially for departments with limited resources. The WBL literature provides little guidance on how to assess the feasibility of implementing a new teaching modality . "
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    • "Blended learning techniques (i.e. online/live teaching combinations) [28] [29] lend themselves well to delivery across geographic boundaries . Trainee or junior specialist observerships, exchanges and fellowships could be facilitated through this global cooperation. "
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