Appearance of central nervous system lupus during corticosteroid therapy and warfarinization in a patient with pure red cell aplasia and antiphospholipid syndrome

Clinical Department of Internal Medicine, Jichi Medical University Omiya Medical Center.
Japanese Journal of Clinical Immunology 03/2006; 29(1):43-7. DOI: 10.2177/jsci.29.43
Source: PubMed


A 48-year-old woman presented to our hospital with epigastralgia and erythema on the left dorsalis pedis. Her medical history included deep venous thrombosis three months prior to admission to our hospital. Upon admission it was determined that she had severe anemia (hemoglobin level 4.6 g/dl). Bone marrow analysis indicated a markedly decreased number of erythroid progenitor cells. A skin biopsy specimen of the erythema revealed microthrombus. Anticardiolipin-beta2GPI antibody and lupus anticoagulant were positive. The patient was diagnosed with pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) and antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). After steroid pulse therapy and warfarinization, her anemia and purpura improved. Three months later she developed depression with positive anti-ribosomal P protein antibody that was indicative of central nervous system lupus. Although her psychometric condition did not respond to steroid pulse therapy, improvement was seen after she received three courses of cyclophosphamide pulse therapy. We report a rare case of CNS lupus that developed during corticosteroid therapy and warfarinization in a patient with PRCA and APS.

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    ABSTRACT: Pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) is a disease with important relationships to autoimmune mechanisms. Although some autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus, have been associated with PRCA, until this point no studies have described the association between PRCA and primary antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). This is the first case report of PRCA associated with primary APS in a 39-year-old man with acute heart failure secondary to an anaemic condition that was diagnosed as pure red cell aplasia. The patient was later diagnosed with retinal artery and vein thromboses and bilateral deep venous thromboses of the femoral and popliteal veins. The most common causes of PRCA and other thrombophilias were ruled out in this investigation through complementary tests. This association with APS adds a new possibility to the study of PRCA pathophysiology.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2010 · Rheumatology International