Blood rheology in PCA and PCEA after total knee arthroplasty
Tel Aviv University, Tell Afif, Tel Aviv, Israel The Journal of Arthroplasty
(Impact Factor: 2.67).
02/2006; 21(2):179-84. DOI: 10.1016/j.arth.2005.04.038
The rheological events in 2 groups of patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty were compared--15 patients were given general anesthesia and controlled their postoperative pain applying intravenous patient-controlled analgesia; 17 individuals received combined spinal-epidural anesthesia and controlled their postoperative pain by patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA). Twenty-four and 48 hours after surgery, the patient-controlled analgesia group showed a significant increase in whole-blood viscosity at the 3 shear rates (P < .01), as well as in relative viscosity at both periods (P < .001 and .01, respectively). Similar findings were observed for red blood cell aggregation (P < .001) and fibrinogen level (P < .001). These values were less expressed in the PCEA group, particularly 48 hours after surgery (P < .01), and the patients showed lower scores on the visual analog pain scale. The better results observed in the PCEA group favor the application of epidural anesthesia and PCEA analgesia in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty.
Available from: PubMed Central
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ABSTRACT: In the current study, we compared the effects of low- and high-flow anesthesia techniques on hemorheology and coagulation parameters in patients who received sevofluran.
Forty patients classified as Risk Group I-II according to American Society of Anesthesiologists' (ASA) guidelines who were scheduled to undergo general anesthesia were randomly assigned to one of two groups. Low-flow anesthesia was administered to the first group, and high-flow anesthesia was used in the second group. Blood samples were obtained in the preoperative and peroperative periods (at 60 and 120 min) for determination of blood and plasma viscosity, plasma oncotic pressure, international normalized ratio (INR), phorotrombin time (PT), activated partial phorotrombin time (aPTT) and fibrinogen. Blood was also drawn for analysis of factor VIII (FVIII) activity, which was measured in the preoperative period and at postoperative six hour.
The peroperative plasma viscosity was significantly low in Group 1 relative to Group 2. aPTT was significantly elevated at 60 minutes in Group 1 relative to Group 2, but the increase at 120 minutes was not significant.
The effects of low-flow anesthesia on hemorheology were greater than those of high-flow anesthesia.
Available from: Maja Surbatovic
Available from: Hermona Soreq
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ABSTRACT: Inflammatory cytokines and the cholinergic system have been implicated in the effects of stressors on mood and memory; however, the underlying mechanisms involved and the potential interrelationships between these pathways remain unclear. To address these questions, we administered neuropsychological tests to 33 generally healthy surgery patients who donated blood samples several days prior to undergoing moderate surgery (baseline), on the morning of the surgery (i.e., a psychological stressor), and one day after surgery. Eighteen control subjects were similarly tested. Serum levels of inflammatory cytokines, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, and the stressor-inducible AChE-R variant were measured. An elevation in anxiety levels, an increase in depressed mood, and a decline in declarative memory were observed on the morning of the surgery, prior to any medical intervention, and were exacerbated one day after surgery. The surgical stressor-induced elevated IL-1 beta levels, which contributed to the increased depressed mood and to the post-surgery increase in AChE-R expression. The latter increase, which was also predicted by pre-surgery AChE-R and post-surgery mood disturbances, was associated with exacerbated memory impairments induced by surgery. In addition, elevated levels of AChE-R on the morning of the surgery predicted the post-surgery elevation in IL-6 levels, which was associated with amelioration of the memory impairments induced by surgery. Taken together, these findings suggest that exposure to a surgical stressor induces a reciprocal up-regulation of AChE-R and pro-inflammatory cytokines, which are involved in regulating the surgery-induced mood and memory disturbances.
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