Expression of the onconeural CV2/CRMP5 antigen in thymus and thymoma

Equipe d'Accueil 3062, Université Jean-Monnet, Saint-Etienne, France.
Journal of Neuroimmunology (Impact Factor: 2.47). 06/2006; 174(1-2):168-73. DOI: 10.1016/j.jneuroim.2006.01.018
Source: PubMed


Anti-CV2 antibodies (AB) react with the developmentally regulated neural proteins CRMPs and particularly with CRMP5. They occur with small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and thymoma. SCLCs universally express CRMP5. We investigated the expression of CRMPs in thymoma and thymus. In thymoma, none of the CRMPs were detected by immunohistochemistry in tumorous epithelial cells with specific antibodies including CRMP5 but an antibody reacting with a peptide common to the CRMPs labeled a 66-kDa protein in Western blot of rat brain, thymus, and thymoma extracts. Thus, the normal CRMP5 is probably not expressed by tumorous epithelial cells. These results indicate that the mechanisms leading to CRMP5 autoimmunization are different in SCLC and thymoma.

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    ABSTRACT: We present a case with subacute limbic encephalitis (LE) and thymoma. Neither classical onconeural antibodies nor antibodies to voltage gated potassium channels (VGKC) were detected, but the serum was positive for anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD). The patient serum also stained synaptic boutons of pyramidal cells and nuclei of granule cells of rat hippocampus. The objective of the study was to identify new antibodies associated with LE. Screening a cDNA expression library identified collapsin response mediator protein 3 (CRMP3), a protein involved in neurite outgrowth. The serum also reacted with both CRMP3 and CRMP4 by Western blot. Similar binding pattern of hippocampal granule cells was obtained with the patient serum and rabbit anti-serum against CRMP1-4. The CRMP1-4 antibodies stained neuronal nuclei of a biopsy from the patient's temporal lobe, but CRMP1-4 expression in thymoma could only be detected by immunoblotting. Absorption studies with recombinant GAD failed to abolish the staining of the hippocampal granule cells. Our findings illustrate that CRMP3-4 antibodies can be associated with LE and thymoma. This has previously been associated with CRMP5.
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