Article

Multisegment and Halfscan Reconstruction of 16-Slice Computed Tomography for Assessment of Regional and Global Left Ventricular Myocardial Function

Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlín, Berlin, Germany
Investigative Radiology (Impact Factor: 4.44). 04/2006; 41(4):400-9. DOI: 10.1097/01.rli.0000201233.42994.9b
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

We sought to prospectively compare multisegment and halfscan reconstruction of 16-slice computed tomography (CT) for the assessment of regional and global left ventricular myocardial function with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as the reference standard.
Forty-two patients underwent CT with 16 x 0.5-mm detector collimation. Electrocardiogram-gated reconstructions were generated with multisegment reconstruction (using up to 4 segments correlated with the raw data of up to 4 heartbeats) and standard halfscan reconstruction. Steady-state free-precession cine MRI was acquired within 24 hours.
More normal myocardial segments were identified correctly with multisegment (95%, 620/656) compared with halfscan reconstruction (88%, 582/656) of CT (P < 0.001). Also, the accuracy (92% [657/714] vs. 87% [620/714]) and rate of nondiagnostic segments (0% vs. 5% [33/714]) were significantly better when using multisegment reconstruction (P < 0.001). The image quality with multisegment reconstruction was significantly superior to that achieved with halfscan reconstruction (P < 0.001). In the assessment of global left ventricular function, multisegment and halfscan reconstruction of CT showed high correlations for all parameters with MRI, whereas Bland-Altman analysis revealed smaller limits of agreement for assessment of myocardial mass with multisegment reconstruction (P = 0.025), but no significant differences between both reconstruction techniques in the measurement of left ventricular volumes as compared with MRI.
Multisegment reconstruction of 16-detector row CT improves image quality and assessment of regional wall motion compared with standard halfscan reconstruction.

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    • "Scanning was performed on an MSCT scanner using 16 × 0.5 mm detector collimation (Aquilion 16, Toshiba Medical Systems, Otawara, Japan) as recently described [11] with retrospective ECG gating, multisegment reconstruction [7,13], 0.4 s rotation time, 120 kV, 300 mA, and 0.2 pitch, and an average image reconstruction interval of 146 ms, which was not significantly different between women (149 ± 36 ms) and men (146 ± 37 ms). Nitrate was administered prior to MSCT to increase the coronary artery diameters and to facilitate image assessment [14]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Multislice computed tomography (MSCT) coronary angiography is the foremost alternative to invasive coronary angiography. We sought to compare the diagnostic accuracy of MSCT in female and male patients with suspected coronary disease. Altogether 50 women and 95 men underwent MSCT with 0.5 mm detector collimation. Coronary artery stenoses of at least 50% on conventional coronary angiography were considered significant. The coronary vessel diameters of all four main coronary artery branches were significantly larger in men than in women. The diagnostic accuracy of MSCT in identifying patients with coronary artery disease was significantly lower for women (72%) compared with men (89%, p < 0.05). Also sensitivity (70% vs. 95%), positive predictive value (64% vs. 93%), and the rate of nondiagnostic examinations (14% vs. 4%, all: p < 0.05) were significantly worse for women. The effective radiation dose of MSCT coronary angiography was significantly higher in the examination of women (13.7 +/- 1.2 mSv) than of men (11.7 +/- 0.9 mSv, p < 0.001), mainly as a result of the fact that the radiosensitive female breast (contributing 24.5% of the dose in women) is in the x-ray path. Noninvasive coronary angiography with MSCT might be less accurate and sensitive for women than men. Also, women are exposed to a significantly higher effective radiation dose than men.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2008 · BMC Cardiovascular Disorders

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    ABSTRACT: We sought to compare left ventricular (LV) function assessed with multislice computed tomography (MSCT), biplane cineventriculography (CVG), and transthoracic echocardiography (Echo), with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as the reference standard. With the same data as acquired for noninvasive coronary angiography, MSCT enables registration of myocardial function. A total of 88 patients (64 men and 24 women) underwent MSCT with 16 x 0.5 mm detector collimation, CVG, and MRI, whereas Echo was retrospectively analyzed in a subset of 30 patients. Regarding the ejection fraction, the agreement was significantly superior for MSCT than for CVG (+/- 10.2% vs. +/- 16.8%; p < 0.001) and Echo (+/- 11.0% vs. +/- 21.2%; p < 0.001). For the end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes, the limits of agreement with CVG (p < 0.001) and Echo (p < 0.001 and p < 0.02, respectively) were also significantly larger than with MSCT. In comparison with MSCT, CVG significantly overestimated the end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes (p < 0.001). Intraobserver analysis of MSCT yielded limits of agreement for ejection fraction (+/- 4.8%), end-diastolic volume (+/- 15.6 ml) and end-systolic volume (+/- 8.0 ml), and myocardial mass (+/- 18.2 g). The accuracy in identifying patients and myocardial segments with abnormal regional function was significantly higher with MSCT (84% and 95%) than with CVG (63% and 90%; p < 0.002 and p < 0.001), whereas MSCT and Echo were not significantly different in identifying patients with abnormal regional function. Our results indicate that the assessment of global and regional LV function with MSCT is more accurate than with CVG, whereas MSCT is superior to Echo for global function. This suggests that MSCT allows reliable evaluation of global and regional LV function.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2006 · Journal of the American College of Cardiology
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