The effect of 5-hydroxtryptamine on the regulation of megakaryocytopoiesis

Department of Paediatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, 00, Hong Kong
Hematology (Impact Factor: 1.25). 03/2006; 11(1):53-6. DOI: 10.1080/10245330500322370
Source: PubMed


5-Hydroxtryptamine (5-HT, serotonin) has been recognized not only as a neurotransmitter and vasoactive agent, but also as a growth factor. 5-HT mainly binds to 5-HT2 receptors or 5-HT1 receptors on cell surfaces to stimulate cell proliferation through Ras or MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase) pathways in many cell types. It has been reported that 5-HT stimulates megakaryocytopoiesis via 5-HT receptors (5-HTR). The possible mechanism by which 5-HT regulates the proliferation and differentiation of megakaryocytes (MK) is discussed in this review article. In early stages of megakaryocytopoiesis, 5-HT may bind to 5-HT2B receptors on MK to promote their proliferation and differentiation. In the late stages, 5-HT may be involved in platelet release by inducing nitric oxide (NO) synthesis via 5-HT2A receptors. 5-HT can also antagonize the apoptotic effect induced by thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) which is a platelet alpha-granule protein and has synergic effects with platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) to enhance MK proliferation. Therefore, 5-HT is likely to be an important substance in the feedback regulation of thrombopoiesis.

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