Assessment of Sleep Hygiene Using the Sleep Hygiene Index

Department of Psychology, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, Little Rock, Arkansas, United States
Journal of Behavioral Medicine (Impact Factor: 3.1). 07/2006; 29(3):223-7. DOI: 10.1007/s10865-006-9047-6
Source: PubMed


The Sleep Hygiene Index was developed to assess the practice of sleep hygiene behaviors. The Sleep Hygiene Index was delivered to 632 subjects and a subset of the subjects participated in a readministration of the instrument. Test-retest reliability analyses suggested that sleep hygiene behaviors are relatively stable over time for a nonclinical population. Results confirmed that sleep hygiene is strongly related to sleep quality and modestly related to perceptions of daytime sleepiness. As predicted, support of the sleep hygiene construct was also provided by strong correlations with the associated features of a diagnosis of inadequate sleep hygiene. The Sleep Hygiene Index, a much shorter sleep hygiene instrument than previously published, demonstrated comparable psychometric properties with additional evidence of validity and a clear item selection rationale.

  • Source
    • "Negative sleep habits were also assessed using the Sleep Hygiene Index (Mastin et al. 2006). Responses were made on a scale ranging from 1 (never) to 5 (all the time) to indicate the frequency of engaging in 13 behaviours (e.g. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Problem gambling and sleep difficulty threaten health. Using the basis of self-regulatory theory, potential mechanisms for these problems were investigated. Fifty-nine treatment-seeking gamblers completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (sleep difficulty), the Sleep Hygiene Index (negative sleep habits), the Problem Gambling Severity Index and measures of self-regulatory capacity and arousability with data entered into regression analyses. Results supported the relationship between problem gambling and greater sleep difficulty (β = .18, t = 3.22, p < .01). Self-regulatory capacity mediated the relationship between problem gambling and sleep difficulty (R 2 change = .15, F(2, 57) = 12.14, β = −.45, t = −3.45, p < .001) as well as between problem gambling and negative sleep habits; R 2 change = .17, F(2, 57) = 13.57, β = −.28, t = −3.76, p < .001. Arousability predicted sleep difficulty (β = .15, t = 3.07, p < .01) and negative sleep habits (β = .40, t = 5.40, p < .01) but showed no relationship with problem gambling (r = .09, ns). Self-regulatory capacity represents an important mediator of the relationship between problem gambling and sleep-related behaviour and if targeted could reduce behavioural threats to health.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2014 · Journal of Gambling Studies
  • Source
    • "Several aspects of daily functioning also appeared to be related to sleep hygiene. Sleep hygiene was modestly related to perceptions of daytime sleepiness [6] [7]. Finally, adolescents with poor sleep hygiene showed significantly lower school competency scores, higher problem scores, and worse grades [6] [8]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective This study investigated reliability, validity, and clinical relevance of the Adolescent Sleep Hygiene Scale (ASHS) in Dutch adolescents. Methods The Dutch translation of the ASHS was administered to 186 normal-sleeping adolescents and 112 adolescents with insomnia. Their sleep variables were measured using sleep logs and questionnaires. From the insomnia group, scores were also obtained after six weeks of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (n = 58) or waiting list (n = 22). Results The full scale of the ASHS had acceptable internal consistency. The results showed moderate to strong correlations of the ASHS (domains) with sleep quality, sleep duration and chronic sleep reduction. Furthermore, the Dutch ASHS was able to discriminate between normal sleepers and adolescents with insomnia, and scores of adolescents with insomnia improved after treatment. Conclusions These findings confirm the importance of sleep hygiene in adolescent sleep, and contribute to the validity of the ASHS and its applicability in research and clinical practice.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2014 · Sleep Medicine
  • Source
    • "Sleep hygiene, practicing behaviors that facilitate sleep and avoiding behaviors that interfere with sleep, was assessed using the Sleep Hygiene Index [42]. The Sleep Hygiene Index has acceptable internal consistency reliability (α = 0.66) and test-retest reliability (r = .71) and is positively correlated with associated features of inadequate sleep hygiene (e.g., worrying about sleep; [37]). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although previous research has shown personality and sleep are each substantial predictors of health throughout the lifespan, little is known about links between personality and healthy sleep patterns. This study examined Big Five personality traits and a range of factors related to sleep health in 436 university students (Mage = 19.88, SD = 1.50, 50% Male). Valid self-report measures of personality, chronotype, sleep hygiene, sleep quality, and sleepiness were analyzed. To remove multicollinearity between personality factors, each sleep domain was regressed on relevant demographic and principal component-derived personality factors in multiple linear regressions. Results showed that low conscientiousness and high neuroticism were the best predictors of poor sleep (poor sleep hygiene, low sleep quality, and increased sleepiness), consistent with other research on predictors of poor health and mortality risk. In this first comprehensive study of the topic, the findings suggest that personality has a significant association with sleep health, and researchers could profitably examine both personality and sleep in models of health and well-being.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2014 · PLoS ONE
Show more