Women leadership in Oxford House: examining their strengths and challenges.

Dickinson College, Department of Psychology, Carlisle, PA 17013-2896, USA.
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community 02/2006; 31(1-2):133-43.
Source: PubMed


This study examined the perspectives and definition of leadership by women and mothers with children (n = 40) affiliated with Oxford Houses, a communal mutual-help recovery setting. Participants were asked questions relating to their experiences living in an Oxford House including the strengths and challenges encountered and how leadership impacted the stability in their house. Results illustrated the value of female leadership and highlighted the characteristics deemed important for women leaders in Oxford House, as well as some differences between these women's perception of leadership and the standard definition of leadership. The implications of the findings and how they may be useful to women's and mothers' with children houses are discussed.

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Available from: Joseph R Ferrari, May 31, 2015
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    • "Five questions measured knowledge of resources in the community , based on the needs of women in substance abuse treatment (Ashley et al. 2003; Greenfield and Pirard 2009; e.g., ''I am aware of places in the community that will help me with childcare''), and ten questions measured participation in community activities and helping behavior. Five questions were grounded in research which demonstrated that women Oxford House members value the ability to provide support for each other and give back to the community (Viola et al. 2009; e.g., ''I participate in activities to help other people like me improve the quality of their lives''), and five questions assessed leadership behaviors (e.g., ''I act as a good role model'') based on leadership characteristics previously identified among women in substance use recovery (Davis et al. 2006). All answers were recorded on a seven-point Likert scale ranging from ''Almost never'' to ''Almost always,'' with a high score suggesting high empowerment; 14 of the original 28 items and 3 of the 20 added items were reversed coded. "
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