Medical care of individuals residing in substance abuse and recovery homes: an analysis of need and utilization.

Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA.
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community 02/2006; 31(1-2):95-110.
Source: PubMed


The current study examined medical care need and utilization patterns among a substance abusing and recovering population (n = 876), investigating factors such as employment and drug use categories (e.g., pharmaceutical use, cocaine use, heroin use, alcohol use). It was found that those who were unemployed needed and utilized greater medical care than those who were employed. Results indicated that heroin, cocaine, and/or alcohol use was not predictive of medical care need or utilization, whereas pharmaceutical drug use was predictive of medical care need and utilization. Trauma and risky use of substances were not significant predictors of medical care need or utilization whereas the suicide severity composite was significant. Potential implications for misuse of medical services (e.g., to obtain pharmaceutical drugs of use) and federal medical care expenditure allocation are discussed.

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Available from: Joseph R Ferrari, May 31, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, we review the result of research conducted in the context of a 13-year collaborative partnership between DePaul University and a community-based, self-run, residential substance abuse recovery program called Oxford House. This collaborative effort highlights several examples of the research and action activities fostering a positive alliance that benefited both the research team and the Oxford House community. It also proposed practical guidelines for developing effective action research collaboratives that may be helpful to others who desire to cultivate and maintain similar mutually beneficial partnerships; including such processes as the development of trust, respecting the personal experiences of the community members and group, commitment to serving the community, validating findings with organization members, and accountability.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2006 · Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The present study explored the effects of length of stay in an Oxford House (a sober living environment) with the number of days attended school/vocational training and days worked in the past 90 days with 292 women and 604 men. Design/methodology/approach: This paper presents quantitative data. Findings: Results indicated that number of days residing in these recovery homes was related to number of days attending school/vocational training and days worked. Originality/value: The present study suggested that in addition to staying abstinent from alcohol and drugs, Oxford House residents may gain useful life skills through vocational education, training, and employment. This is an area of further exploration for the substance abuse recovery community.
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