Biphasic sarcomatoid carcinoma of the thyroid: An exceptional localization of a rare tumor
Laboratoire Central d'Anatomie Pathologique, Avicenne, CHU Rabat-Maroc. Annales d Endocrinologie
(Impact Factor: 0.87).
Thyroid sarcomatoid carcinoma is a rare and aggressive neoplasm composed of a follicular carcinoma which is contiguous or admixed with a pleomorphic spindle cell component. We report the case of a thyroid tumor reputed to have a poor outcome, in a 62-year-old woman. The radical thyroidectomy specimen was totally invaded. Results of immunoperoxidase staining for thyroglobulin and epithelial markers were positive in the areas of follicular carcinoma and negative in the sarcomatous component. The patient died a few days later due to septic shock. The epithelial and mesenchymal components of thyroid carcinosarcoma were both part of the neoplastic parenchyma and evolved from a single common stem cell, in agreement with the hypothesis that the tumors are of monoclonal origin. The definition of this tumor as its histogenesis and prognostic are discussed.
Available from: Ifigenia Kostoglou-Athanassiou
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ABSTRACT: Sarcomatoid carcinoma of the stomach is a rare type of malignant tumor, characterized by distinct cellular morphology. This type of tumor is even more rare in giant size. The present study reports a case of giant sarcomatoid carcinoma, which developed in the distal stomach. A 49-year-old male underwent medical investigation for gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Endoscopic examination, computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography-CT scan identified a giant neoplasm, which involved the gastric antrum and body, gallbladder and hepatic flexure of the colon. Surgery was performed to excise the tumor, which was ~14×13×8 cm in size. A diagnosis of sarcomatoid carcinoma was made since the tumor was positive for epithelial markers, even within the mesenchymal elements. To the best of our knowledge, only 5 cases of sarcomatoid carcinoma of the stomach have been previously reported, and a tumor that has been able to be resected despite such a large size has never been reported.
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