A modified and recalibrated potential energy surface for the gas-phase Cl+CH4-->HCl+CH3 reaction is reported and tested. It is completely symmetric with respect to the permutation of the four methane hydrogen atoms and is calibrated with respect to updated experimental and theoretical stationary point properties and experimental forward thermal rate constants. From the kinetics point of view, the forward and reverse thermal rate constants and the activation energies were calculated using the variational transition-state theory with semiclassical transmission coefficients over a wide temperature range of 150-2500 K. The theoretical results reproduce the available experimental data, with a small curvature of the Arrhenius plot which indicates the role of tunneling in this hydrogen abstraction reaction. A dynamics study was also performed on this PES using quasiclassical trajectory (QCT) calculations, including corrections to avoid zero-point energy leakage along the trajectories. First, we found a noticeable internal energy in the coproduct methyl radical, both in the ground-state [CH4 (v=0)] and vibrationally excited [CH4 (v=1)] reactions. This CH3 internal energy was directly precluded in some experiments or oversimplified in previous theoretical studies using pseudotriatomic models. Second, our QCT calculations give HCl rotational distributions slightly hotter than those in experiment, but correctly describing the experimental trend of decreasing the HCl product rotation excitation in going from HCl (v'=0) to HCl (v'=1) for the CH4 (v=1) reaction. Third, the state specific scattering distributions present a reasonable agreement with experiment, although they tend to make the reaction more forward and backward scattered than found experimentally probably because of the hotter rotational distribution and the deficiencies of the QCT methods.
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[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Using a recent ab initio based potential energy surface, PES-2009, quasi-classical trajectory calculations were performed to analyse the effects of the C–H stretch excitation on the reactivity and dynamics of the H + CHD3 abstraction reaction at a collision energy of 1.53 eV. Firstly, we found that the C–H stretch mode excitation has little influence on the product rotational distributions and on the scattering distribution for both channels. However, it has significant influence on the product energy distribution for the CHD2 + HD channel, indicating that the reaction shows mode selectivity, reproducing the experimental evidence. Finally, excitation of the C–H stretch by one quantum increases the reactivity of the vibrational ground-state for both channels reproducing the experimental evidence, although for the H-abstraction channel we report an enhancement of reactivity somewhat lower than other theoretical results.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2013 · Computational and Theoretical Chemistry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An ab initio interpolated potential energy surface (PES) for the Cl+CH(4) reactive system has been constructed using the interpolation method of Collins and co-workers [J. Chem. Phys. 102, 5647 (1995); 108, 8302 (1998); 111, 816 (1999); Theor. Chem. Acc. 108, 313 (2002)]. The ab initio calculations have been performed using quadratic configuration interaction with single and double excitation theory to build the PES. A simple scaling all correlation technique has been used to obtain a PES which yields a barrier height and reaction energy in good agreement with high level ab initio calculations and experimental measurements. Using these interpolated PESs, a detailed quasiclassical trajectory study of integral and differential cross sections, product rovibrational populations, and internal energy distributions has been carried out for the Cl+CH(4) and Cl+CD(4) reactions, and the theoretical results have been compared with the available experimental data. It has been shown that the calculated total reaction cross sections versus collision energy for the Cl+CH(4) and Cl+CD(4) reactions is very sensitive to the barrier height. Besides, due to the zero-point energy (ZPE) leakage of the CH(4) molecule to the reaction coordinate in the quasiclassical trajectory (QCT) calculations, the reaction threshold falls below the barrier height of the PES. The ZPE leakage leads to CH(3) and HCl coproducts with internal energy below its corresponding ZPEs. We have shown that a Gaussian binning (GB) analysis of the trajectories yields excitation functions in somehow better agreement with the experimental determinations. The HCl(v'=0) and DCl(v'=0) rotational distributions are as well very sensitive to the ZPE problem. The GB correction narrows and shifts the rotational distributions to lower values of the rotational quantum numbers. However, the present QCT rotational distributions are still hotter than the experimental distributions. In both reactions the angular distributions shift from backward peaked to sideways peaked as collision energy increases, as seen in the experiments and other theoretical calculations.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2006 · The Journal of Chemical Physics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Using an analytical potential energy surface previously developed by our group, namely PES-2002, we analyzed the gas-phase reaction between a hydrogen atom and perdeuterated methane. We studied the effect of quasiclassical trajectory (QCT) and reduced dimensionality quantum-scattering (QM) calculations, with their respective limitations, on CD3 product angular distributions in the collision energy range 16.1-46.1 kcal x mol(-1). It was found that at low collision energy, 16.1 kcal x mol(-1), both the QCT and QM calculations yielded forward scattered CD3 products, i.e., a rebound mechanism. However, at high energies only the QM calculations on the PES-2002 surface reproduced the angular scattering found experimentally.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2006 · The Journal of Physical Chemistry A