Development of biological filter as tertiary treatment for effective nitrogen removal: Biological filter for tertiary treatment
A biological filtration process applicable to tertiary treatment of sewage for effective nitrogen removal was developed. It consisted of a nitrification filter (Filter 1) and/or a polishing filter with anoxic and oxic parts (Filter 2). A pilot plant set at a municipal sewage treatment plant was operated for 525 d with feed of real sewage. The maximum apparent nitrification rate in Filter 1 in winter was 0.54 kg N/m3- filter-bed d. In Filter 2, the maximum denitrification capacity was 4 kg N/m3 filter-bed d) in winter. SS was stably removed and high transparency water was obtained. The target water quality (SS, BOD, and T-N5 mg/L) was accomplished in winter with the LV of 202 m/d in Filter 2, which corresponds to 0.24 h of HRT. These results proved that this process is compact, stable, convenient to install, and cost effective to build and operate as tertiary treatment to remove nitrogen effectively.
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