Measurement properties of the CHAMPS physical activity questionnaire in a sample of older Australians

ArticleinJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport 9(4):319-26 · September 2006with58 Reads
DOI: 10.1016/j.jsams.2006.03.001 · Source: PubMed
The effective evaluation of physical activity interventions for older adults requires measurement instruments with acceptable psychometric properties that are sufficiently sensitive to detect changes in this population. To assess the measurement properties (reliability and validity) of the Community Healthy Activities Model Program for Seniors (CHAMPS) questionnaire in a sample of older Australians. CHAMPS data were collected from 167 older adults (mean age 79.1 S.D. 6.3 years) and validated with tests of physical ability and the SF-12 measures of physical and mental health. Responses from a sub-sample of 43 older adults were used to assess 1-week test-retest reliability. Approximately 25% of participants needed assistance to complete the CHAMPS questionnaire. There were low but significant correlations between the CHAMPS scores and the physical performance measures (rho=0.14-0.32) and the physical health scale of the SF-12 (rho=0.12-0.24). Reliability coefficients were highest for moderate-intensity (ICC=0.81-0.88) and lowest for vigorous-intensity physical activity (ICC=0.34-0.45). Agreement between test-retest estimates of sufficient physical activity for health benefits (> or =150min and > or =5 sessions per week) was high (percent agreement=88% and Cohen's kappa=0.68). These findings suggest that the CHAMPS questionnaire has acceptable measurement properties, and is therefore suitable for use among older Australian adults, as long as adequate assistance is provided during administration.
    • "All eligible participants will be informed individually about the content of the intervention and the study design will be explained. The participants will be asked to complete the Community Healthy Activities Model Program for Seniors (CHAMPS) that assessed the intensity and the frequency of their participation in various activities such as walking, gardening, housework, sports activities, and volunteering [48]. After that, participants will be randomly allocated into either the experimental group (DT-TW) or the control group (DT-RC) (Figure 1). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Mobility limitations and cognitive impairments which are common with ageing often coexist, causing a reduction in the levels of physical and mental activity and are prognostic of fu- ture adverse health events and falls. Consequently, multi-task training paradigms that simultane- ously address both mobility and cognition benefit healthy ageing are important to consider in re- habilitation as well as primary prevention. Objectives: An exploratory RCT is being conducted to: a) describe the feasibility and acceptability of the study design and process, procedures, resources and management in two game-based dual-task training programs delivered in the community; b) to explore the lived experiences of the study participants who completed their respective exercise programs. A secondary objective is to obtain preliminary data on the therapeutic effectiveness of the two dual-task training programs. Methods: Thirty healthy older community dwelling partici- pants aged 70 - 85 with previous history of falls will be recruited and randomized to either dual- task treadmill walking (experimental group) or dual-task recumbent bicycle (control group). Data analysis: The qualitative data will be analyzed by two investigators using a content analysis ap- proach. For the quantitative data, outcome measures will be collected pre and post intervention and included measures to assess core balance, spatial-temporal gait variables, visual tracking and cognitive function, as well as, balance and gait analysis under dual-task conditions. Discussion:This research will demonstrate the feasibility of the dual-task training programs in the commu- nity, and demonstrate the system’s ability to improve targeted and integrated (dual-task) aspects of balance, mobility, gaze, and cognitive performance. A blended analysis of balance, mobility gaze and cognition will also contribute to a better understanding of the functional consequences of de- cline in physical and mental skills with age. Trial registration: This pilot clinical trial has been registered at Protocol Registration System: NCT01940055.
    Full-text · Article · May 2015
    • "Most of the physical activity questionnaires were created for assessing physical activity in epidemiological and comparative studies, for ascertaining whether or not the elderly meet certain health criteria, or for classifying them based on their physical activity. Only the CHAMPS questionnaire363738 was aimed at assessing the effects of interventions which were meant to change the physical activity habits. The results of physical activity questionnaires were most frequently presented as metabolic equivalent (MET), and the frequency or duration of physical activity in a unit of time. "
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2015 · Environment and Behavior
    • "Walking was measured using the Community Healthy Activities Model Program for Seniors (CHAMPS) questionnaire, which assesses frequency and duration of specific physical activities meaningful to older adults and has adequate reliability and validity (Cyarto, Marshall, Dickinson, & Brown, 2006; Stewart et al., 2001). Single items on weekly minutes of walking leisurely for exercise or pleasure, walking fast or briskly for exercise , and walking to do errands were dichotomized (yes/no) at ≥150 min for leisure and brisk walking and ≥60 min for transport walking. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Housing options, such as retirement villages, that promote and encourage healthy behaviors are needed to accommodate the growing older adult population. To examine how environmental perceptions relate to walking, residents of retirement villages in Perth, Australia, were sampled, and associations between a wide range of village and neighborhood environmental attributes and walking leisurely, briskly, and for transport were examined. Perceived village features associated with walking included aesthetics (odds ratio [OR] = 1.72), personal safety (OR = 0.43), and services and facilities (OR = 0.80), whereas neighborhood attributes included fewer physical barriers (OR = 1.37) and proximate destinations (OR = 1.93). Findings suggest that locating retirement villages in neighborhoods with many local destinations may encourage more walking than providing many services and facilities within villages. Indeed, safe villages rich with amenities were shown to be related to less walking in residents. These findings have implications for the location, design, and layout of retirement villages.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2012
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