Gupta N, Wollscheid B, Watts JD, Scheer B, Aebersold R, DeFranco AL.. Quantitative proteomic analysis of B cell lipid rafts reveals that ezrin regulates antigen receptor-mediated lipid raft dynamics. Nat Immunol 7: 625-633
Ligation of the B cell antigen receptor (BCR) with antigen induces lipid raft coalescence, a process that occurs after crosslinking of a variety of signaling receptors and is thought to potentiate cellular activation. To investigate lipid raft dynamics during BCR signaling, we quantitatively analyzed the B cell lipid raft proteome. BCR engagement induced dissociation of the adaptor protein ezrin from lipid rafts as well as threonine dephosphorylation of ezrin and its concomitant detachment from actin, indicating a transient uncoupling of lipid rafts from the actin cytoskeleton. Expression of constitutively active ezrin chimeras inhibited the BCR-induced coalescence of lipid rafts. Our data demonstrate that the release of ezrin from lipid rafts acts as a critical trigger that regulates lipid raft dynamics during BCR signaling.