Anti-CD45 antibody enhances lipoxygenase pathway of human naïve mononuclear cells and cyclooxygenase pathway of neutrophils
Anti-CD45 antibody exhibits multiple biological effects on human mononuclear cells (MNC) and polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN). We intended to determine whether anti-CD45 antibody could affect arachidonic acid metabolism and thereby, the interactions between human naïve MNC and PMN. Human naïve MNC and PMN were incubated with monoclonal anti-human CD45 IgG F(ab')(2) antibody or non-specific IgG F(ab')(2) for 30 min. The mRNA expression of cyclooxygenase type 1 (COX-1), type 2 (COX-2), 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) and leukotriene A(4) hydrolase (LTA(4) hydrolase) in both cells was detected by RT-PCR and quantified by densitometric determination. The presence of COX-1 and COX-2 molecules in the cells was detected by Western blot. The concentration of PGE(2) and LTB(4) in cultured supernatants was measured by EIA kits. Anti-CD45 IgG F(ab')(2) up-regulated LTA(4) hydrolase mRNA expression and LTB(4) production, but down-regulated COX-1 and COX-2 mRNA expression and PGE2 production, of naïve MNC compared to non-specific IgG F(ab')(2). In contrast, a reverse modulation by the specific antibody on PMN was observed including up-regulation of cyclooxygenase pathway and down-regulation of lipoxygenase pathway. A novel activity of anti-CD45 with reverse modulation on cyclooxygenase/lipoxygenase pathways was found such that the expression of COX-1 and COX-2 in PMN, and 5-LOX and LTA(4) hydrolase in MNC were enhanced.