A convenient synthesis of indolin-2-ones substituted in the 3 position by an aminomethylene group bearing different amino acid moieties is described. Their antiproliferative activities were evaluated toward a panel of human solid tumor cell lines (PC 3, DLD-1, MCF-7, M4 Beu, A549, PA 1) and healthy cell lines (a murine fibroblast L929 and a human fibroblast primary culture).
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"When the mixture reached pH 7, a yellow precipitate formed, which was filtered off and washed with ice-cold deionized H 2 O. The precipitate was recrystallized with H 2 O to afford 3-nitrophenylglycine as a white solid (Sassatelli et al., 2006). The solids were dissolved in H 2 O-dioxane (2:3, 100 ml). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There is increasing interest in developing peptides for pharmacological intervention with pathophysiological functions of serine proteases. From phage-displayed peptide libraries, we previously isolated peptidylic inhibitors of urokinase-type plasminogen activator, a potential target for intervention with cancer invasion. The two peptides, upain-1 (CSWRGLENHRMC) and mupain-1 (CPAYSRYLDC), are competitive inhibitors of human and murine urokinase-type plasminogen activator, respectively. Both have an Arg as the P1 residue, inserting into the S1 pocket in the active site of the enzymes, but their specificity depends to a large extent on interactions outside the enzymes' active sites, so-called exosite interactions. Here we describe upain-2 (CSWRGLENHAAC) and the synthesis of a number of upain-2 and mupain-1 variants in which the P1 Arg was substituted with novel non-natural Arg analogs and achieved considerable improvement in the affinity of the peptides to their targets. Using chimeras of human and murine urokinase-type plasminogen activator as well as X-ray crystallography, we delineated the relative contribution of the P1 residue and exosite interactions to the affinity and specificity of the inhibitors for their target enzyme. The effect of inserting a particular non-natural amino acid into the P1 position is determined by the fact that changes in interactions of the P1 residue in the S1 pocket lead to changed exosite interactions and vice versa. These findings are of general interest when the affinities and specificities of serine protease inhibitors to be used for pharmacological intervention are considered and could pave the way for potential drug candidates for the treatment of cancer.
Full-text · Article · Jun 2011 · Molecular pharmacology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the course of studies on the preparation of potential kinase inhibitors, we were interested in the synthesis of diversely substituted glycosyl-isoindigo derivatives. To get an insight into the effect of the substitution pattern of the isoindigo aromatic and carbohydrate moieties on the biological activities and to identify the cellular target(s) involved in the in-vitro antiproliferative activity of these derivatives, their inhibitory activities toward a panel of 10 different kinases were examined. The best inhibitory activities were found toward cyclin-dependent kinase 2/cyclin A. Molecular modelling experiments were carried out to investigate the binding interactions between the active site of cyclin-dependent kinase 2 and the lead compound of this series.
No preview · Article · Nov 2007 · Anti-Cancer Drugs
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The synthesis of indolin-2-one derivatives substituted in the 3-position by an aminomethylene group bearing either an ornithine or a lysine residue is described. The inhibitory activities of these compounds toward a panel of eight kinases were examined. Furthermore, the antibacterial activities of the prepared compounds were tested against two Gram-positive bacteria Bacillus cereus and Streptomyces chartreusis, a Gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli and a yeast Candida albicans.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2008 · European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry