Expression of the outcome predictor in acute leukemia 1 (OPAL1) gene is not an independent prognostic factor in patients treated according to COALL or St Jude protocols

Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Rotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands
Blood (Impact Factor: 10.45). 10/2006; 108(6):1984-90. DOI: 10.1182/blood-2006-04-015990
Source: PubMed


New prognostic factors may result in better risk classification and improved treatment of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Recently, high expression of a gene named OPAL1 (outcome predictor in acute leukemia) was reported to be associated with favorable prognosis in ALL. Therefore, we investigated whether OPAL1 expression was of prognostic importance in 2 independent cohorts of children with ALL treated on Cooperative Study Group for Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (COALL)-92/97 (n = 180) and St Jude Total 13 protocols (n = 257). We observed a consistently higher (2.8-fold) expression of OPAL1 in TEL-AML1-positive ALL compared with TEL-AML1-negative ALL in both cohorts, but higher OPAL1 expression was not consistently associated with other favorable prognostic indicators such as age and white blood cell count, or ALL genetic subtype. Lower OPAL1 expression was also not associated with increased in vitro drug resistance. Multivariate analyses including known risk factors showed that OPAL1 expression was not independently related to prognosis in either the COALL or St Jude cohorts. In conclusion, OPAL1 expression may not be an independent prognostic feature in childhood ALL, and its previously reported prognostic impact appears to be treatment dependent.

Download full-text


Available from: Deqing Pei, Jan 22, 2014
  • Source
    • "Secondly, predictive genes identified in adult (Chiaretti et al, 2004) and paediatric (Yeoh et al, 2002) T-ALL studies revealed poor prognostic ability when tested between these analyses, underscoring the significant biological differences between adult and childhood T-ALL (Chiaretti et al, 2004). Thirdly, comparing paediatric patients treated on different therapeutic protocols may also be problematic (Holleman et al, 2006a). Furthermore, the limited number of patient specimens in the cohorts may have influenced the in silico analysis. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the last four decades the survival of patients with newly diagnosed childhood T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (T-ALL) has improved dramatically. In sharp contrast, relapsed T-ALL continues to confer a dismal prognosis. We sought to determine if gene expression profiling could uncover a signature of outcome for children with T-ALL. Using 12 patient specimens obtained before therapy started, we examined the gene expression profile by oligonucleotide microarrays. We identified three genes, CFLAR, NOTCH2 and BTG3, whose expression at the time of diagnosis accurately distinguished the patients according to disease outcome. These genes are involved in the regulation of apoptosis and cellular proliferation. The prognostic value of the three predictive genes was assessed in an independent cohort of 25 paediatric T-ALL patients using quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Patients assigned to the adverse outcome group had a significantly higher cumulative incidence of relapse compared with patients assigned to the favourable outcome group (46% vs. 8%, P = 0.029). Five-year overall survival was also significantly worse in the patients assigned to the adverse outcome group (P = 0.0039). The independent influence of the 3-gene predictor was confirmed by multivariate analysis. Our study provides proof of principle that genome-wide expression profiling can detect novel molecular prognostic markers in paediatric T-ALL.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2007 · British Journal of Haematology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is the most common childhood cancer. Treatment has improved but relapsed ALL remains more common than new cases of many 'common' paediatric malignancies. We have salvage regimens with substantial complete remission (CR) rates and increasing access to haematopoietic stem cell transplantation, but most patients who relapse die. We need better therapies. Insights into pharmacology may guide more effective use of existing agents. Novel agents with activity against resistant lymphoblasts offer an appealing strategy. However, most candidate agents fail, despite enthusiastic investigators, intriguing mechanisms of action and 'compelling' preclinical data. A number of existing combinations provide a 40% complete response rate in second or third relapse. Yet survival in third remission is <10%. Novel agents must, most likely, be integrated into multiagent combinations that provide a higher CR rate or better quality CR's than our conventional combinations in order to contribute substantially to cure. The march from bench to bedside requires careful consideration of the intermediate steps.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2005 · British Journal of Haematology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common cancer in children. Careful building upon past clinical trials and thoughtful application of our limited knowledge of pharmacology have provided steady improvement in outcome for newly diagnosed patients. Precise identification of the many patients who are unlikely to relapse with current effective regimens is required to avoid the morbidity of further intensification of therapy. Progress is sorely lacking for relapsed patients. Most patients who relapse die. Gene expression arrays and comparative genomic hybridization have further extended our appreciation of the known immunophenotypic and genetic diversity of childhood ALL. Insight into the molecular mechanisms of treatment failure may provide guidance for future efforts.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2007 · Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports
Show more