Zen Y, Fujii T, Itatsu K, et al. Biliary cystic tumors with bile duct communication: a cystic variant of intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct

Department of Human Pathology, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medicine, Takaramachi, Kanazawa, Japan.
Modern Pathology (Impact Factor: 6.19). 10/2006; 19(9):1243-54. DOI: 10.1038/modpathol.3800643
Source: PubMed


Biliary cystic tumors, which are also called biliary cystadenoma and cystadenocarcinoma, are thought to be a heterogeneous disease entity, and some of them are known to show a luminal communication to the bile duct. In this study, we examined the clinicopathological features of nine cases of biliary cystic tumors with bile duct communication. They were composed of five males and four females with an average age of 67 years (52-84 years). They were multilocular (eight cases) or unilocular (one case), and all cases contained mucinous fluid. A direct luminal communication with the bile ducts was identified in five cases on preoperative or intraoperative cholangiographies. Biliary cystic tumors examined in this study were histologically adenoma (one case), adenocarcinoma in situ (six cases), and adenocarcinoma associated with microinvasive mucinous carcinoma (two cases). One case of adenocarcinoma in situ also had the adenoma component (adenocarcinoma in adenoma). Dysplastic mucinous epithelium proliferated in flat, micropapillary and papillary fashions within the intracystic spaces. Intraepithelial neoplasm was observed within non-dilated adjacent bile ducts, suggesting a direct luminal communication between the cystic tumors and the bile duct. Ovarian-like stroma was not observed in their walls in any cases. Immunohistochemically, seven cases expressed MUC1 or MUC2 in the neoplastic biliary epithelium. All cases except one were alive without any evidences of tumor recurrence after total excision (3-156 months after surgery). These clinicopathological features resembled those of intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct, which had been reported as a biliary counterpart of pancreatic intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm. In conclusion, biliary cystic tumors with bile duct communication could be regarded as intraductal papillary neoplasm with a prominent cystic dilatation of the bile duct and mucin retention, rather than true biliary cystic neoplasms.

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Available from: Hiroshi Minato, Jul 24, 2014
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    • "Among the intraductal growth type of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and papillary carcinoma of the extrahepatic bile duct, cases with intraductal component composed of papillary fronds with fine vascular cores are exclusively included in IPNB. In the previous categories of biliary cystadenoma/cystadenocarcinoma, cystic tumors with bile duct communication and absence of ovarian-like stroma are considered as a cystic variant of IPNB [10] "
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    ABSTRACT: Intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct (IPNB) is a rare variant of bile duct tumors characterized by papillary growth within the bile duct lumen and is regarded as a biliary counterpart of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas. IPNBs display a spectrum of premalignant lesion towards invasive cholangiocarcinoma. The most common radiologic findings for IPNB are bile duct dilatation and intraductal masses. The major treatment of IPNB is surgical resection. Ultrasonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance image, and cholangiography are usually performed to assess tumor location and extension. Cholangioscopy can confirm the histology and assess the extent of the tumor including superficial spreading along the biliary epithelium. However, pathologic diagnosis by preoperative biopsy cannot always reflect the maximum degree of atypia, because IPNBs are often composed of varying degrees of cytoarchitectural atypia. IPNBs are microscopically classified into four epithelial subtypes, such as pancreatobiliary, intestinal, gastric, and oncocytic types. Most cases of IPNB are IPN with high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia or with an associated invasive carcinoma. The histologic types of invasive lesions are either tubular adenocarcinoma or mucinous carcinoma. Although several authors have investigated molecular genetic changes during the development and progression of IPNB, these are still poorly characterized and controversial.
    Full-text · Article · May 2014
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    • "Their pathology is also similar to that of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) in many respects. Thus, in 2006, it was proposed that this group of diseases be called IPNB as a counterpart of IPMN [2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7]. Meanwhile, there are papillary tumors, also including many malignant cases, without overproduction of mucus in the bile duct. "
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    ABSTRACT: In recent years, the disease concept of intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct (IPNB) has been attracting attention as a biliary lesion that is morphologically similar to intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN), which is considered to be a counterpart of IPMN. However, there are few reports on IPNB, and a consensus regarding the features of this disease is thus lacking. We experienced an extremely rare case of IPNB occurring in the bile duct at the duodenal papilla, which is a tumor presentation that has not previously been reported. Herein, we report this interesting case and discuss the possible association between IPMN and IPNB.
    Full-text · Article · May 2014 · Case Reports in Oncology
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    • "Radiological imaging studies indicate that a thickened cyst wall or intracystic nodules are present in hemorrhagic hepatic cysts [7-9,11,14,18]. However, most previously reported hemorrhagic hepatic cysts were unilocular, and most cases of cyst-forming IPNB involved multilocular lesions [16], as was the case in our current study. This could represent a characteristic for differential diagnosis. "
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    ABSTRACT: An intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct is a biliary, epithelium-lined, cystic lesion that exhibits papillary proliferation and rarely causes large hemorrhagic cystic lesions. Here, we report a case of an intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct mimicking a hemorrhagic hepatic cyst in a middle-aged man with large hemorrhagic hepatic cysts who experienced abdominal pain and repeated episodes of intracystic bleeding. Following portal vein embolization, extended right hepatic lobectomy was performed, and intraoperative cholangiography revealed communication between the intracystic space and the hepatic duct. Although histological studies revealed that the large hemorrhagic lesion was not lined with epithelium, the surrounding multilocular lesions contained biliary-derived epithelial cells that presented as papillary growths without ovarian-like stroma. A diagnosis of oncocytic-type intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct was made, and we hypothesized that intracystic bleeding with denudation of the lining epithelial cells might occur as the cystically dilated bile duct increased in size. Differential diagnosis between a hemorrhagic cyst and a cyst-forming intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct with bleeding is difficult. However, an intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct could manifest as multilocular hemorrhagic lesions; therefore, complete resection should be performed for a better prognosis.
    Full-text · Article · May 2013 · World Journal of Surgical Oncology
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