In-Source CID of Guanosine: Gas Phase Ion-Molecule Reactions

Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Antwerpen, Flanders, Belgium
Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry (Impact Factor: 2.95). 09/2006; 17(8):1050-62. DOI: 10.1016/j.jasms.2006.03.012
Source: PubMed


In-source collision induced dissociation was applied to access second generation ions of protonated guanosine. The in-source gas-phase behavior of [BH2]+-NH3 (m/z 135, C5H3N4O+) was investigated. Adduct formation and reactions with available solvent molecules (H2O and CH3OH) were demonstrated. Several addition/elimination sequences were observed for this particular ion and solvent molecules. Dissociation pathways for the newly formed ions were developed using a QqTOF mass spectrometer, permitting the assignment of elemental compositions of all product ions produced. Reaction schemes were suggested arising from the ring-opened intermediate of the protonated base moiety [BH2]+, obtained from fragmentation of guanosine. The mass spectral data revealed that the in-source CH3OH-reaction product underwent more complex fragmentations than the comparable ion following reaction with H2O. A rearrangement and a parallel radical dissociation pathway were discerned. Apart from the mass spectrometric evidence, the fragmentation schemes are supported by density functional theory calculations, in which the reaction of the ring-opened protonated guanine intermediate with CH3OH and a number of subsequent fragmentations were elaborated. Additionally, an in-source transition from the ring-opened intermediate of protonated guanine to the ring-opened intermediate of protonated xanthine was suggested. For comparison, a low-energy collision induced dissociation study of xanthosine was performed. Its dissociation pathways agreed with our assumption.

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