Hispanic drug abuse in an evolving cultural context: An agenda for research

School of Social Welfare, University at Albany, State University of New York, 135 Western Avenue, Albany, NY 12222, USA.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence (Impact Factor: 3.42). 10/2006; 84 Suppl 1:S8-16. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2006.05.003
Source: PubMed


Drug abuse in the U.S. Hispanic population appears to be in a dynamic state of acceleration, although there are differences in drug use patterns between U.S.-born and foreign-born Hispanics, and across Hispanic subgroups (i.e., Mexican, Cuban, Puerto Rican, and Central or South American). An understanding of the consequences of cultural adjustments for drug use is needed to effectively anticipate the scope and dimensions of illicit drug use in the largest, rapidly growing, minority group in the U.S. This paper provides an epidemiologic overview of current Hispanic drug use, summarizes research on the relationship between culture change and drug use, organized according to individual, social (i.e., family and peer group), and community level influences on drug use, and offers a systematic agenda for future research.

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Available from: Lynn A Warner, Aug 04, 2014
    • "Covariates. We controlled for four demographic variables related to alcohol use and frequency among adolescents (Wade, Lariscy, & Hummer, 2013; Warner et al., 2006; Weiss & Tillman, 2009). Adolescent age was included as a continuous variable and centered for the analysis testing the moderation effects of age on alcohol use. "
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    ABSTRACT: We explored the relation between 8 domains of Hispanic stress and alcohol use and frequency of use in a sample of Hispanic adolescents between 11 and 19 years old (N = 901). Independent t tests were used to compare means of domains of Hispanic stress between adolescents who reported alcohol use and those who reported no use. In addition, multinomial logistic regression was used to examine whether domains of Hispanic stress were related to alcohol use and whether the relation differed by gender and age. Multiple imputation was used to address missing data. In the analytic sample, 75.8% (n = 683) reported no use and 24.2% (n = 218) reported alcohol use during the previous 30 days. Higher mean Hispanic stress scores were observed among youths who reported alcohol use during the previous 30 days in 5 domains: acculturation gap, community and gang violence, family economic, discrimination, and family and drug-related stress. Increased community and gang violence, family and drug, and acculturative gap stress were found to be associated with some alcohol use categories beyond the effect of other domains. Few differences in the association between Hispanic stress and alcohol use by gender and age were observed. Study findings indicate that family and drug-related, community and gang violence, and acculturative gap stress domains are salient factors related to alcohol use among Hispanic adolescents, and their implications for prevention science are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Psychology of Addictive Behaviors
    • "Studies have found a positive association between acculturation to the United States and Latino substance use (De la Rosa, 2002; Warner, Valdez, Vega, de la Rosa, Turner, & Canino, 2006). Likewise, an affiliation with deviant peers has been identified as a significant risk for substance use (Barrera Jr et al., 2002; Donovan, 2004; Padilla-Walker & Bean, 2009; Simons-Morton, Haynie, Crump, Eitel, & Saylor, 2001). "
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    ABSTRACT: Families in which one or more members are undocumented immigrants experience unique hardships. Yet, little is known about stress and substance use among adolescents growing up in these families. The present study examined associations between two sources of adolescent stress (i.e., low parental involvement due to contextual constraints and family economic insecurity) and lifetime alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use among adolescents in families with undocumented members. The sample was comprised of 102 adolescents (10–18 years old) and one of his or her parents. Participants responded a survey in English or Spanish. Adolescent lifetime use of alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana was 51.0%, 32.4%, and 37.3%, respectively. Chi–Square analyses found no significant gender differences in lifetime substance use. Logistic regression models showed that adolescent stress due to hindered parental involvement increased the odds of both lifetime cigarette and marijuana use after controlling for gender, age, linguistic acculturation, familism, parental control, and negative peer affiliation. Being a girl increased the odds of lifetime alcohol use. Family economic stress was not associated with lifetime substance use. Results suggest that hindered parental involvement might be a stressor and a risk factor for cigarette and marijuana use among adolescents growing up in families with undocumented members. Because parents in these families are likely to be undocumented, policies that allow immigrants to apply for legal status could improve parents’ working conditions and facilitate parental involvement; in turn, such policies could decrease the risk for adolescent substance use among children of Latino immigrants.
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    • "In the United States, meeting the social service and public health needs of the approximately 11.2 million undocumented immigrants, with the largest group coming from Mexico (Pew Hispanic Center, 2011), has been challenging. While some data suggests that most immigrants are healthier when compared to U.S. born populations (Warner et al., 2006), emergent studies indicate a high risk sub-population comprised of mainly single, young, Latino transmigrant men. These men often work in the informal economy as day laborers and travel back and forth between borders in search of economic opportunities. "
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    ABSTRACT: Latino migrant day laborers are a transnational population that often travels back and forth between borders in search of economic opportunities. These Latino day laborers (LDLs) are often at risk for exploitation and workers' rights abuses. Despite LDLs' heightened social vulnerability and risks, this population often does not access formal social or public health services due to their undocumented legal status, lack of health insurance and distrust of governmental social services. In light of LDLs' lack of access to formal services, social networks may enhance and protect their well-being and health through the exchange of emotional and social support, as well as the provision of concrete and practical services. Utilizing Berkman, Glass, Brissette, and Seeman's (2000) conceptual framework on social networks and health, this ethnographic study investigates the role of social networks in facilitating the well-being of LDLs (N=150). Implications for social services for this transnational population are also discussed.
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