Enhanced Detection and Typing of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) DNA in Anogenital Samples with PGMY Primers and the Linear Array HPV Genotyping Test

Laboratoire de Virologie Moléculaire du centre de Recherche, Département de Microbiologie et Infectiologie, Hôpital Notre-Dame du Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology (Impact Factor: 3.99). 06/2006; 44(6):1998-2006. DOI: 10.1128/JCM.00104-06
Source: PubMed


The Roche PGMY primer-based research prototype line blot assay (PGMY-LB) is a convenient tool in epidemiological studies for the detection and typing of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA. This assay has been optimized and is being commercialized as the Linear Array HPV genotyping test (LA-HPV). We assessed the agreement between LA-HPV and PGMY-LB for detection and typing of 37 HPV genotypes in 528 anogenital samples (236 anal, 146 physician-collected cervical, and 146 self-collected cervicovaginal swabs) obtained from human immunodeficiency virus-seropositive individuals (236 men and 146 women). HPV DNA was detected in 433 (82.0%) and 458 (86.7%) samples with PGMY-LB and LA-HPV (P = 0.047), respectively, for an excellent agreement of 93.8% (kappa = 0.76). Of the 17,094 HPV typing results, 16,562 (1,743 positive and 14,819 negative results) were concordant between tests (agreement = 96.9%; kappa = 0.76). The mean agreement between tests for each type was 96.4% +/- 2.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 95.6% to 97.2%; range, 86% to 100%), for an excellent mean kappa value of 0.85 +/- 0.10 (95% CI, 0.82 to 0.87). However, detection rates for most HPV types were greater with LA-HPV. The mean number of types per sample detected by LA-HPV (4.2 +/- 3.4; 95% CI, 3.9 to 4.5; median, 3.0) was greater than that for PGMY-LB (3.4 +/- 3.0; 95% CI, 3.1 to 3.6; median, 2.0) (P < 0.001). The number of types detected in excess by LA-HPV in anal samples correlated with the number of types per sample (r = 0.49 +/- 0.06; P = 0.001) but not with patient age (r = 0.03 +/- 0.06; P = 0.57), CD4 cell counts (r = 0.06 +/- 0.06; P = 0.13), or the grade of anal disease (r = -0.11 +/- 0.06; P = 0.07). LA-HPV compared favorably with PGMY-LB but yielded higher detection rates for newer and well-known HPV types.

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Available from: Catherine Hankins, Jan 06, 2014
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    • ", 56, 58, 59, 61, 62, 64 (HPV 34 subtype), 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73 (MM9), 81, 82 (MM4), 83 (MM7), 84 (MM8), IS39 (HPV 84 variant), and CP6108 (HPV 89) [Coutlee et al., 2006; Stevens et al., 2006] "
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    ABSTRACT: The prevalence and genotype distribution of human papillomavirus (HPV) provides the basis for designing HPV prevention programs. The prevalence rates of type-specific HPV and coinfections in samples of Mexican women were investigated in 822 women aged 18-87 years. HPV detection was performed using a Linear Array(TM) genotyping test. HPV infection was found in 12.4% of controls, 46.3% of those with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 1, and 100% of those with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 3 or cervical cancer. HPV 16 was the most prevalent type in all diagnosis groups. The HPV types most frequently found in cervical cancers were 16, 18, 45, 52, 58, and 39; HPV types 16, 62, 51, 84, 18, 53, and CP6108 were the most prevalent in control women. Considering HPV-positive samples only, coinfections occurred most often in controls (63%) and were less frequent in those with cervical cancer (26%). The most frequent viral types in coinfections with HPV 16 in control women were HPV 62, 51, and 84; in women with cervical cancers, HPV 18, 39, and 70 were most common. In conclusion, in addition to HPV types 16 and 18, types 45, 39, 58, 52, and 71 were found in cervical cancers in Mexican women (78%); among them, only 65% were attributable to HPV types 16 and 18. Therefore, it is necessary to consider these viral types in the design of new vaccines, and to determine whether certain HPV types coinfecting with HPV 16 in precursor lesions determine tumor progression or regression. J. Med. Virol. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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    • "The unweighted kappa statistic was calculated to adjust for chance agreement between MY09/11 PCR and type-specific PCR (Coutlée et al., 2006; Landis and Koch, 1977). The chi-square (χ "
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    ABSTRACT: Human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA testing has become an important component of cervical cancer screening programs. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the efficiency of MY09/11 consensus PCR for the detection of multiple HPV infections. For this purpose, MY09/11 PCR was compared to an original TaqMan-based type-specific real-time PCR assay, which can detect 20 different HPV types. Of the 654 samples, 34.1% (223/654) were HPV DNA positive according to at least one method. The relative sensitivities of MY09/11 PCR and type-specific PCR were 80.7% (180/223) and 97.8% (218/223), respectively. In all, 352 different HPV isolates (66 low-risk and 286 high-risk or probable high-risk types) were identified in 218 samples, but 5 samples, which were positive by consensus PCR only, could not be genotyped. The distribution of the 286 high-risk or probable high-risk HPVs were as follows: 24.5% HPV-16, 8.4% HPV-52, 7.7% HPV-51, 6.3% HPV-39, 6.3% HPV-82, 5.6% HPV-35, 5.6% HPV-58, 5.6% HPV-66, 5.2% HPV-18, 5.2% HPV-68, and 19.6% the other 8 types. A single HPV type was detected in 57.3% (125/218) of the genotyped samples, and multiple HPV types were found in the remaining 42.7% (93/218). The false negative rates of MY09/11 PCR were found to be 17.4% in single infections, 23.3% in multiple infections, and 34.6% in multiple infections that contained three or more HPV types, with the condition that the low-risk types HPV-6 and HPV-11 be considered as a monotype. These data suggest that broad-range PCR assays may lead to significant data loss and that type-specific PCR assays can provide accurate and reliable results during cervical cancer screening.
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    • "The unweighted kappa statistic (Coutlée et al., 2006; Landis and Koch, 1977) was calculated to adjust for chance agreement between MY09/11 PCR and the other two methods (type-specific PCR and multiplex PCR). The statistical analysis was conducted using the Statistical Package for the Social "
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we aimed to develop a cost-effective, practical, and sensitive method to be used for the diagnosis of HPV infections. The presence of HPV-DNA was investigated in cervical smear samples using three different methods: MY09/11 consensus PCR, TaqMan-based type-specific real-time PCR, and SYBR Green-based multiplex PCR. Of the 315 samples, 21.6% (68/315) were HPV-DNA positive by using at least one of the three methods. The relative sensitivities of MY09/11 PCR, type-specific PCR, and multiplex PCR were found to be 86.8% (59/68), 91.2% (62/68), and 91.2% (62/68), respectively. Genotyping analyses were successfully carried out in 62 of 68 HPV-DNA positive samples, and 77 isolates (8 low-risk and 69 high-risk HPV) were identified, while six samples were determined to be positive by consensus PCR only and could not be genotyped. The type distribution of the 69 high-risk HPV strains was as follows: 37.7% HPV 16, 13.0% HPV 52, 11.6% HPV 58, 7.2% HPV 18, 7.2% HPV 31, 7.2% HPV 68, 4.3% HPV 35, 4.3% HPV 39, 4.3% HPV 82, 1.4% HPV 33, and 1.4% HPV 45. Our data suggests that the diagnosis of HPV infections using only consensus PCR may lead to epidemiologically significant data loss, and that our multiplex PCR is more sensitive than consensus PCR and lower costly than the type-specific PCR. We believe that the SYBR Green-based multiplex PCR may be useful and cost-effective for other microbiological fields. In addition, type-specific screening of HPV-DNA gives more reliable results, but it may also be used in combination with consensus PCR if the type spectrum of the test is not large enough.
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