Ternary complex formation between HvMYBS3 and other factors involved in transcriptional control in barley seeds

UPM, Helsinki, Uusimaa, Finland
The Plant Journal (Impact Factor: 5.97). 08/2006; 47(2):269-81. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-313X.2006.02777.x
Source: PubMed


The SHAQKYF R1MYB transcription factor (TF) HvMYBS3 from barley is an activator of gene expression both during endosperm development and in aleurone cells upon seed germination. Its mRNA was detected as early as 10 days after flowering in developing barley endosperm, with a peak at 18 days, and in aleurone cells at 8 h after water imbibition, as shown by Northern blot and in situ hybridization analyses. The HvMYBS3 protein expressed in bacteria binds to oligonucleotides containing a GATA core derived from the promoters of: (i) the developing endosperm gene Itr1 (5'-GATAAGATA-3') encoding trypsin inhibitor BTI-CMe, and (ii) the post-germinating aleurone gene Amy6.4 (5'-TATCCAC-3'/5'-GTGGATA-3') encoding a high-pI alpha-amylase. Transient expression experiments in co-bombarded developing endosperms and in barley aleurone layers demonstrated that HvMYBS3 trans-activated transcription both from Itr1 and Amy6.4 promoters, in contrast with a previously reported seed-expressed R1MYB, HvMCB1, which was an activator of Itr1 and a transcriptional repressor of the Amy6.4 gene. In the yeast three-hybrid system, the HvMYBS3 protein formed a ternary complex with BPBF and BLZ2, two important seed TFs. However, no binary interactions could be detected between HvMYBS3 and BLZ2 or between HvMYBS3 and BPBF.

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Available from: Ignacio Rubio Somoza, Jan 14, 2015
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    • "The presence of genes that encode MYBS3 homologs in most plants suggests that MYBS3 might be functionally and evolutionarily conserved. MYBS3 plays an important role in regulating the depletion of carbon reserves during seed germination in rice and barley (Lu et al. 2002; Rubio-Somoza et al. 2006), and plays a role to promote tolerance of cold stress in rice (Su et al. 2010). A role of MYBH, which is a MYBS3 homologous protein in Arabidopsis, in regulating hypocotyl elongation was reported recently (Kwon et al. 2013). "
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    ABSTRACT: Leaf senescence, the final stage of leaf development, is regulated tightly by endogenous and environmental signals. MYBS3, a MYB transcription factor with a single DNA-binding domain, mediates sugar signaling in rice. Here we report that an Arabidopsis MYBS3 homolog, MYBH, plays a critical role in developmentally regulated and dark-induced leaf senescence by repressing transcription. Expression of MYBH was enhanced in older and dark-treated leaves. Gain- and loss-of-function analysis indicated that MYBH was involved in the onset of leaf senescence. Plants constitutively overexpressing MYBH underwent premature leaf senescence and showed enhanced expression of leaf senescence marker genes. In contrast, the MYBH mutant line, mybh-1, exhibited a delayed-senescence phenotype. The EAR repression domain was required for MYBH-regulated leaf senescence. Overexpression and knockout of MYBH repressed and enhanced auxin-responsive gene expression, respectively. MYBH repressed the auxin-amido synthase genes DFL1/GH3.6 and DFL2/GH3.10, which regulate auxin homoeostasis, by binding directly to the TA box in each of their regulatory regions. An auxin-responsive phenotype was enhanced in MYBH overexpression lines and reduced in mybh knockout lines. Overexpression of MYBH enhanced gene expression of SAUR36, an auxin-promoted leaf senescence key regulator, and accelerated ABA- and ethylene-induced leaf senescence in transgenic Arabidopsis plants. Our results suggest that the role of MYBH in controlling auxin homeostasis accounts for its capacity to participate in regulation of age- and darkness-induced leaf senescence in Arabidopsis.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2015 · Plant Molecular Biology
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    • "Other DOF proteins from barley, HvDOF19 and HvDOF17, mediate the ABA-repression of hydrolase genes in germinating aleurone cells [47]. These DOF regulators interact physically with other proteins belonging to different TF families such as bZIP, MYBR2R3, MYBR1 and WRKY [42,45,47-50]. Other seed DOFs, like GmDOF4 and GmDOF11 from soybean, have been implicated in lipid metabolism and their over-expression in A. thaliana increase seed lipid content by activating genes associated with fatty acid biosynthesis [51]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background Transcription factors (TFs) are proteins that have played a central role both in evolution and in domestication, and are major regulators of development in living organisms. Plant genome sequences reveal that approximately 7% of all genes encode putative TFs. The DOF (DNA binding with One Finger) TF family has been associated with vital processes exclusive to higher plants and to their close ancestors (algae, mosses and ferns). These are seed maturation and germination, light-mediated regulation, phytohormone and plant responses to biotic and abiotic stresses, etc. In Hordeum vulgare and Oryza sativa, 26 and 30 different Dof genes, respectively, have been annotated. Brachypodium distachyon has been the first Pooideae grass to be sequenced and, due to its genomic, morphological and physiological characteristics, has emerged as the model system for temperate cereals, such as wheat and barley. Results Through searches in the B. distachyon genome, 27 Dof genes have been identified and a phylogenetic comparison with the Oryza sativa and the Hordeum vulgare DOFs has been performed. To explore the evolutionary relationship among these DOF proteins, a combined phylogenetic tree has been constructed with the Brachypodium DOFs and those from rice and barley. This phylogenetic analysis has classified the DOF proteins into four Major Cluster of Orthologous Groups (MCOGs). Using RT-qPCR analysis the expression profiles of the annotated BdDof genes across four organs (leaves, roots, spikes and seeds) has been investigated. These results have led to a classification of the BdDof genes into two groups, according to their expression levels. The genes highly or preferentially expressed in seeds have been subjected to a more detailed expression analysis (maturation, dry stage and germination). Conclusions Comparison of the expression profiles of the Brachypodium Dof genes with the published functions of closely related DOF sequences from the cereal species considered here, deduced from the phylogenetic analysis, indicates that although the expression profile has been conserved in many of the putative orthologs, in some cases duplication followed by subsequent divergence may have occurred (neo-functionalization).
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2012 · BMC Plant Biology
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    • "These domestication transcription factors were generally identified using QTL approaches, eventually narrowing down contributory loci to individual genes. Other forward genetics approaches (mutant screens) identified genes such as opaque-2 in maize as key regulators of storage protein gene expression (Hartings et al., 1989), and several TFs have been identified in the aleurone of barley where they regulate storage protein genes and genes responding to GA at germination (Rubio-Somoza et al., 2006a , b ). However, there are few TFs that have been shown to be specific determinants of early grain development and endosperm differentiation in temperate grasses. "
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    ABSTRACT: Members of the core pooids represent the most important crops in temperate zones including wheat, barley, and oats. Their importance as crops is largely due to the grain, particularly the storage capabilities of the endosperm. In this study, a comprehensive survey of grain morphology and endosperm organization in representatives of wild and cultivated species throughout the core pooids was performed. As sister to the core pooid tribes Poeae, Aveneae, Triticeae, and Bromeae within the Pooideae subfamily, Brachypodium provides a taxonomically relevant reference point. Using macroscopic, histological, and molecular analyses distinct patterns of grain tissue organization in these species, focusing on the peripheral and modified aleurone, are described. The results indicate that aleurone organization is correlated with conventional grain quality characters such as grain shape and starch content. In addition to morphological and organizational variation, expression patterns of candidate gene markers underpinning this variation were examined. Features commonly associated with grains are largely defined by analyses on lineages within the Triticeae and knowledge of grain structure may be skewed as a result of the focus on wheat and barley. Specifically, the data suggest that the modified aleurone is largely restricted to species in the Triticeae tribe.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2012 · Journal of Experimental Botany
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