Article

Are You Currently on a Diet? What Respondents Mean When They Say “Yes”

Center for Counseling and Student Development, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.
Eating Disorders (Impact Factor: 1.48). 05/2006; 14(2):157-66. DOI: 10.1080/10640260500536300
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Male and female university students were asked the questions "Are you currently on a diet to lose weight?" and "Are you currently on a diet to maintain your weight?" Respondents were asked to clarify positive responses by listing weight-control behaviors in which they were engaged. Responses were coded into 12 categories of dieting methods. Results indicated women and men who diet to lose weight engage in a wider variety of weight-loss behaviors than those engaged in dieting to maintain weight. Findings further indicated differences in dieting methods between individuals dieting to lose weight as opposed to dieting to maintain weight.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: C. Alix Timko
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The feeding behavior has a direct influence on the nutritional status of individuals belonging to diverse age groups, among them, higher education students. The aim of this research was to interpret the perception of the influence exerted by the family environment, university peers and educational staff on the dietary behavior of university students belonging to the Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción. In order to achieve this aim, qualitative methodology through a phenomenological design was used. As a strategy to gather information, a semi-structured interview was applied to 8 students, going into some of the results in depth with a focus group composed by 9 students of the university. Our results showed that the family, friends and university staff influenced the feeding behavior of the interviewed students. Moreover, these influences were found to be favorable regarding healthy feeding behavior in the case of studentís family; and unfavorable in the case of friends and university staff.
    No preview · Article ·
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Increasing rates of overweight/obese adults, with corresponding increases in health risks, obesity-related illnesses, and health costs have not been significantly impacted despite research and commercial attempts to provide recommended weight loss strategies. Mindfulness Meditation (MM) teaches individuals to increase their awareness in the present moment which may offer an additional strategy to weight loss interventions. This study explored the effects of MM combined with standard behavioral weight loss intervention (SBWP) on short-term weight loss, physical activity, eating behaviors, food intake and mindfulness in overweight/obese adults. Additionally, adherence, feasibility and acceptability of MM were explored through retention, attendance, diary return rate, MM practice and qualitative interviewing.This exploratory mixed methods study was a 24 week randomized controlled trial that compared SBWP and Standard Behavioral Weight Loss Program plus Mindfulness Meditation (SBWP+MM) followed by a qualitative interview that explored the experiences of 12 SBWP+MM participants. The sample which was randomized between treatment groups included 46 overweight/obese, 87% female, mean age 45.2 years (SD=8.2), mean weight 91.9 kg. (SD=12.8), 21.7% African American, and 78% college-educated adults living in the Pittsburgh area. Outcome measures of weight, physical activity, eating behavior, food intake and mindfulness were explored at three time points. Data analysis was based on intention-to-treat with linear mixed effects modeling and general linear modeling.Thirty-five subjects (76%) completed the study. Mean total weight loss was 5.48 kg (SD=2.01) with a significant decrease in food intake (p<.00) and significant increase in physical activity and healthy eating behaviors (p<.000). There was a mean greater weight loss in the SBWP+MM group (6.89kg compared to 4.07kg). Only eating behaviors significantly improved in the SBWP+MM group based on the results of linear mixed effects modeling (p=.034). The SBWP+MM group had higher rates of retention (86.4%) and attendance (75%) and a difference in diary return (15 weeks versus 12 weeks). The overarching SBWP+MM qualitative theme of expanding mindfulness in personal life flowed from taking time intentionally for self to lifestyle changes.The exploratory results, eating behavior significance and other outcome differences in the SBWP+MM group suggest that a larger sample size over a longer period of time may find further statistical and clinical significance. In light of the current obesity epidemic, hypothesis testing of MM could lead to enhanced weight loss interventions for this overweight/obese population.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2008
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The feeding behavior has a direct influence on the nutritional status of individuals belonging to diverse age groups, among them, higher education students. The aim of this research was to interpret the perception of the influence exerted by the family environment, university peers and educational staff on the dietary behavior of university students belonging to the Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción. In order to achieve this aim, qualitative methodology through a phenomenological design was used. As a strategy to gather information, a semi-structured interview was applied to eight students, going into some of the results in depth with focus group composed by nine students of the university. Our results showed that the family, friends and university staff influenced the feeding behavior of the interviewed students. Moreover, these influences were found to be favorable regarding healthy feeding behavior in the case of student's family; and unfavorable in the case of friends and university staff.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2009 · Revista Chilena de Nutricion
Show more