Differential roles of C/EBPβ regulatory domains in specifying MCP-1 and IL-6 transcription

ArticleinMolecular Immunology 44(6):1384-92 · March 2007with4 Reads
Impact Factor: 2.97 · DOI: 10.1016/j.molimm.2006.05.004 · Source: PubMed


    C/EBPbeta is a member of the CCAAT/enhancer binding protein family of transcription factors and has been shown to be a critical transcriptional regulator of various proinflammatory genes, including IL-6 and MCP-1. To examine the roles of the C/EBPbeta transactivation and regulatory domains in LPS-induced MCP-1 and IL-6 expression, we expressed various N-terminal truncations and deletions of C/EBPbeta in P388 murine B lymphoblasts, which lack endogenous C/EBPbeta expression and are normally unresponsive to LPS for expression of IL-6 and MCP-1. Unexpectedly, a region between amino acids 105 and 212 of C/EBPbeta that includes regulatory domains 1 and 2 facilitates C/EBPbeta activation of IL-6 expression, while having an inhibitory effect on MCP-1 expression. Thus, this region can mediate promoter-specific effects on cytokine and chemokine gene transcription. LIP, the naturally occurring truncated form of C/EBPbeta, largely retains these regulatory domains and stimulates IL-6 but not MCP-1 transcription.