Article

Teenage pregnancy: Use of drugs in the third trimester and prevalence of psychiatric disorders

Research Unit of Alcohol and Drugs, Department of Psychiatry, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria (Impact Factor: 1.77). 07/2006; 28(2):122-5. DOI: 10.1590/S1516-44462006000200009
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

To determine the prevalence of psychiatric disorders during pregnancy, the prevalence of cocaine and marijuana use during the third trimester of gestation and the socio-demographic characteristics of a population of low-income teenagers.
One thousand pregnant teenagers were evaluated using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview, and a socio-demographic and socio-economic questionnaire at the obstetric center of a public hospital in São Paulo, Brazil. Hair sample was collected for analysis.
Of the 1000 pregnant teenagers interviewed, 53.6% were poor, 90.4% were unemployed, 92.5% were financially dependent and 60.2% dropped out of school. Those using drugs during the third trimester of pregnancy were equal to 6% (marijuana: 4%, cocaine: 1.7%, both: 0.3%). Those having at least one psychiatric disorder equaled 27.6%. The most frequent diagnoses were depression (12.9%), posttraumatic stress disorder (10.0%) and anxiety disorders (5.6%).
Unstructured families, dropping out of school, unemployment and a low level of professional training are all contributing factors to the maintenance of an unfavorable socio-economic environment in which there is a high prevalence of cocaine and marijuana use during the third trimester of pregnancy and an abnormally high incidence of psychiatric disorders.

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Available from: Sandro Sendin Mitsuhiro, Oct 23, 2015
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    • "Not only the babies could suffer, but young mothers are in risk, too. When pregnancy takes place in adolescence, it is frequently related to academic failure (Bradley et al., 2002), unemployment (Mitsuhiro et al., 2006) and socioeconomic deprivation (Olausson et al., 2001). Moreover, adolescent mothers are reported to have higher overall mortality later in life, independently of socioeconomic background (Olausson et al., 2004). "
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    Full-text · Article · Nov 2011 · Journal of Affective Disorders
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    • "" (Ferreira et al, 2006) […] estudos recentes mostram que a exposição pré-natal a maconha está associada com lesões da região pré-frontal do cérebro . " (Mitsuhiro et al, 2006) Nos próximos fragmentos aparecem os prejuízos e danos na vida ocupacional do sujeito usuário de drogas e o fato de focarem suas atividades sociais e pessoais para o uso da droga. Os autores Silva et al (2006), Pizzol et al (2006)e Lucas et al (2006) fizeram levantamento sobre a situação dos estudantes em relação ao uso de substâncias psicoativas. "
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