Article

[The calibration of instrument response function during passive FTIR measurement].

Qufu Normal University, Küfow, Shandong Sheng, China
Guang pu xue yu guang pu fen xi = Guang pu (Impact Factor: 0.29). 02/2006; 26(1):45-6.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

In order to obtain infrared spectral radiance distribution of some infrared sources, such as spectral radiant flux density, spectral radiant intensity, spectral radiance and spectral irradiance, the instrument response function under different conditions must be known. In the present paper, the calibration of instrument response function during passive FTIR measurement has been discussed. The experimental results illustrate that under different experimental conditions, the instrument response function varies not only with the temperature of the blackbody but also with the signal amplitude received by the infrared instrument. So, during passive FTIR measurement, the temperature and the emission signal amplitude of the source must be observed carefully in order to get satisfactory instrument response function.

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    ABSTRACT: With a time resolution of 0.125 s and a spectral resolution of 4 cm−1, emission spectra of the combustion process of a solid propellant were recorded by highly time-resolved passive FTIR. Some gaseous combustion products, such as H2O, CO, CO2, NO and HCl, were distinguished by the characteristic emission band of each molecule. The equation for flame temperature calculation based on the diatomic molecule emission fine structure theory was improved through judicious utilization of the spectral running number ‘m’ which makes the temperature measurement simpler and faster. Some combustion information of the solid propellant had been given including the characteristic spectral profile, the distribution of the absolute spectral energy, the distribution of the combustion flame temperature, and the concentration distributions of HCl and NO versus burning time. The results will provide theoretical and experimental bases for improving the formula and raising combustion efficiency of solid propellant, and developing the design of rocket motor, infrared guidance and antiguidance systems.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2006 · Propellants Explosives Pyrotechnics
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    ABSTRACT: FTIR spectrometer detectors have different instrument response function in different wave band. In application, no matter absolute or relative intensity of spectrum the authors use, the authors should calibrate the instrument with standard blackbody to find the instrument response function. In the present paper, the authors study the instrument response function of detectors (InSb detector and MCT detector) in Canada MOMAN MR154 FTIR spectrometer. The authors found the law of the change in instrument response function with temperature (radiation brightness). It is important for FTIR spectrometer calibration.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2008 · Guang pu xue yu guang pu fen xi = Guang pu
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    ABSTRACT: FTIR Technique has developed rapidly since 1980s, and has become increasingly important. It has been used in a variety of fields. In order to make sure the result is of nicety, the authors should manipulate the FTIR spectrometer accurately and study its instrument response function and calibration arithmetic. Because the instrument response of the detector of FTIR spectrometer is different at different wave band, the no-calibrated spectrum was ruleless. Without calibration, we can not obtain the absolute intensity, even relative intensity. There are two calibration arithmetics: Linear calibration arithmetic corresponding linear detector and non-calibration arithmetic corresponding non-linear detector. The present paper gave the arithmetic of linear calibration and non-linear multiple point calibration. The authors measured several blackbody spectra at some different temperatures. Some of them were used for calibration and one was used to test the result of calibration The result indicated that this method of non-linear multiple point calibration was very good. The relative arbitrary between calibrated blackbody spectrum and standard blackbody spectrum was near 0.2%, while the maximum was still lower than 0.4%.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2008 · Guang pu xue yu guang pu fen xi = Guang pu
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