Nursing research in smoking cessation: A listing of the literature, 1996-2005
Tobacco Free Nurses Initiative. Nursing Research
(Impact Factor: 1.36).
07/2006; 55(4 Suppl):S16-28.
A listing of publications related to nurses and tobacco is posted on the Tobacco Free Nurses Web site (www.tobaccofreenurses.org). For this conference, a chronological listing of the numbers and type of data-based articles that focused on nursing involvement in tobacco cessation published since 1996, the year of the first publication of the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, Clinical Practice Guideline #18, through 2005 was developed. One hundred and seventy-five data-based papers that met the criteria, that is, the paper focused on smoking cessation and involved nurses, were identified. Most (88%) articles were exclusively focused on cessation. Research designs included experimental (38%), quasi-experimental (24%), descriptive-quantitative (25%), descriptive-qualitative (8%), meta-analyses (2%), and secondary analyses and systematic reviews (each 1%). The number of articles that focused on nursing involvement in tobacco cessation has increased eight fold in the past 10 years, from less than 5 articles published in 1996 to more than 40 published in 2005. The minority (35%) of data-based articles that focused on nurses and tobacco cessation were published in nursing journals.
Available from: nysmokefree.com
Available from: Nevit Dilmen
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to analyze smoking related beliefs, attitudes and knowledge on anti-smoking legislation among physicians practicing in Istanbul, Turkey. Questionnaires were sent to 18.000 physicians who were also members of Istanbul Chamber of Medicine. Three hundred-seventy and four physicians responded. Two hundred-fifty of the respondents were males (66.8%) and 124 were females (33.2%). Sixty out of 374 physicians were smokers. Eighteen of them (30%) were females, 42 of them (70%) were males. 91.5% of physicians who smoked tobacco and 98.4% of non-smoker physicians agreed that smoking is a serious health issue. 91.1% of nonsmoker physicians and 70.7% of smokers asked their patients about their smoking habits. The difference between smokers and non-smokers was statistically significant in both comparisons (p= 0.012 and p= 0.00, respectively). 25% of smoking physicians and 34.5% of non-smokers referred their patients to smoking cessation centers. 21.7% of smoking physicians and 28.8% of non-smokers believed in the success of pharmacological therapy. The difference between smokers and non-smokers was statistically non significant (p= 0.167 and p= 0.262, respectively). This results suggests that physicians have insufficient knowledge on smoking cessation therapies and the law regarding the use of tobacco and that smoking cessation techniques should be incorporated in the curriculum of the faculties and post graduation training programs.
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ABSTRACT: Faced with the knowledge that smoking is dangerous, women continue to smoke cigarettes, and the number is growing. In contrast, breast cancer is being diagnosed earlier, and women are listening to the call for mammograms and examination screenings. Why then, are women not listening to the call to never start or stop smoking? In nursing today it has become necessary to put forth a greater effort to call attention to the toll of lung cancer and other smoking related diseases. There is significant disparity in smoking groups targeted for research. One particular group has been ignored in past research, the middle-aged woman. Research is needed to understand why women use tobacco products in this group and to find what is needed to discourage smoking. In this article, we explore nursing research in the area of middle-aged women and tobacco use. Interlaced throughout the literature review is the story of a 57 year old female and her experiences with smoking.
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