Long-Term Outcomes of an Australian Universal Prevention Trial of Anxiety and Depression Symptoms in Children and Youth: An Evaluation of the Friends Program

University of Queensland, Pathways Health and Research Centre, Brisbane, Australia.
Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology (Impact Factor: 1.92). 10/2006; 35(3):403-11. DOI: 10.1207/s15374424jccp3503_5
Source: PubMed


This study evaluated the long-term effectiveness of the FRIENDS Program in reducing anxiety and depression in a sample of children from Grade 6 and Grade 9 in comparison to a control condition. Longitudinal data for Lock and Barrett's (2003) universal prevention trial is presented, along with data from 12-month follow-up to 24- and 36-month follow-up. Results of this study indicate that intervention reductions in anxiety reported in Lock and Barrett were maintained for students in Grade 6, with the intervention group reporting significantly lower ratings of anxiety at long-term follow-up. A significant Time x Intervention Group x Gender Effect on Anxiety was found, with girls in the intervention group reporting significantly lower anxiety at 12-month and 24-month follow-up but not at 36-month follow-up in comparison to the control condition. Results demonstrated a prevention effect with significantly fewer high-risk students at 36-month follow-up in the intervention condition than in the control condition. Results are discussed within the context of prevention research.

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    • "In Germany, depressive disorders show a lifetime prevalence of 16.8% among adolescents between the ages of 14 and 24 years (Wittchen, Nelson, & Lachner, 1998). Often coexisting with depression, anxiety poses a subsequent threat that appears to be most common among American and Australian youth (Barrett, Farrell, Ollendick, & Dadds, 2006;Merikangas et al., 2010;Williamson, Forbes, Dahl, & Ryan, 2005). For the global population, there is a high lifetime prevalence of 16.6% of anxiety disorders (Starcevic, 2006). "
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