2004 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey

US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, Division of Health Care Statistics, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA.
Advance data 07/2006; 372(372):1-29.
Source: PubMed


This report describes ambulatory care visits to hospital emergency departments (EDs) in the United States in 2004. Statistics are presented on selected hospital, patient, and visit characteristics. Selected trends in ED utilization from 1994 through 2004 are also presented.
The data presented in this report were collected in the 2004 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS), a national probability sample survey of visits to emergency and outpatient departments of non-Federal, short-stay, and general hospitals in the United States. Sample data are weighted to produce annual national estimates.
During 2004, an estimated 110.2 million visits were made to hospital EDs, about 38.2 visits per 100 persons. Visit rates have shown an increasing trend since 1994 for persons aged 22-49 years, 50-64 years, and 65 years and over. In 2004, more than 16 million patients arrived by ambulance (15.1 percent). At approximately 3 percent of visits, the patient had been seen in the ED within the last 72 hours. Abdominal pain, chest pain, fever, and back symptoms were the leading patient complaints, accounting for nearly one-fifth of all visits. Abdominal pain was the leading illness-related diagnosis at ED visits. There were an estimated 41.4 million injury-related visits or 14.4 visits per 100 persons. Diagnostic and screening services were provided at 89.9 percent of ED visits. Procedures were performed at 47.7 percent, and medications were prescribed at 78.4 percent of ED visits. Approximately 13 percent of ED visits resulted in hospital admission. On average, patients spent 3.3 hours in the ED, of which 47.4 minutes were spent waiting to see a physician.

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Available from: Linda F Mccaig, Aug 25, 2014
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    • "Symptoms are often the initial clinical feature of ACS (Pelter et al., 2012). The accurate labeling of the symptoms of ACS as being cardiac in nature may reduce the time for treatment and expedite a timely diagnosis (Hwang et al., 2009; McCaig and Nawar, 2006; Thygesen et al, 2007). Previous research studies suggest that the presentation of ACS and ACS symptoms may differ in both men and women (Arslanian-Engoren et al., 2006; Milner et al., 1999). "
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    ABSTRACT: Signs and symptoms (typical and atypical symptoms) of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) differ between men and women. Identification of gender differences has implications for both health care providers and the general public. The aim of this study was to determine the symptom predictors of the acute coronary syndromes in men and women. In this prospective study, nurse data collectors directly observed 256 men and 182 women (N = 438) with symptoms suggestive of ACS in the Emergency Departments of eight hospitals in Tehran. ACS was eventually diagnosed in 183 (57.2%) men and 137 (42.8%) women on the basis of standard electrocardiogram and cardiac enzyme (CPK-MB) level. In men, chest symptoms (OR = 3.22, CI = 0.137-0.756, P = 0.009), dyspnea (OR = 2.65, CI = 1.78-4.123 P = 0.001) and diaphoresis (OR = 2.175, CI = 1.020-4.639, P = 0.044) were significantly associated with the diagnosis of ACS 3.78, 2.72 and 1.87 times more than in women having these symptoms, respectively. These results indicated that chest symptoms, diaphoresis and dyspnea were the more pronounced typical symptoms of ACS in men compared to women. Additionally, the numbers of typical symptoms can be considered as more predictive of ACS in men (OR = 1.673, CI = 1.211-2.224, P < 0.001) than women (OR = 1.271, CI = 1.157-2.331, P = 0.212). Therefore, clinicians need to take men showing typical symptoms into consideration carefully. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2015 · International emergency nursing
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    • "Only a small percentage of these admitted persons have acute coronary syndromes and the vast majority of patients are discharged with non-cardiac diagnoses.3 Acute chest pain is an important and frequently occurring symptom in patients.4,5 Chest pain is often a sign of ischemic heart disease, although gender, age and comorbidity may modify how acute Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) presents itself within the individual patient. "
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Acute chest pain is an important and frequently occurring symptom in patients. Chest pain is often a sign of ischemic heart disease. Associated findings of electrocardiograph (ECG) are rather heterogeneous, and traditional cardiac biomarkers such as Creatine Kinase-MB (CK-MB) suffer from low cardiac specificity and sensitivity. In this study cost effectiveness of cardiac biomarkers single quantitative measurement was examined. Methods: The present descriptive-analytic study conducted on patients who were asked for troponin I and CK-MB. All patients who referred to Emergency unit of Tabriz Imam Reza educational-medical center during January 2012 to July the 2013 were included in study. All patients included in the study were documented in terms of age, sex, working shift of referring, main complaint of patient, symptoms in referring, ECG findings, and results of troponin I and CK-MB tests. Results: In this study, 2900 patients were studied including 1440 (49.7%) males and 1460 (50.3%) females. Mean age of patients was 62.91 (SD=14.36). Of all patients 1880 (64.8%) of patients referred during 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. and 1020 (35.2%) patients were referred during 8 p.m. to 8 a.m. The sensitivity of cardiac biomarkers’ test in diagnosing Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) disease was calculated as 44.8% and its specificity was 86.6%. For diagnosing Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI), sensitivity of cardiac biomarkers’ test was 72.2% and its specificity was 86%. None of patients who were finally underwent unstable angina diagnosis showed increase in cardiac enzymes. Conclusion: In conclusion, cardiac biomarkers can be used for screening acute chest pains, also cost effectiveness of cardiac biomarkers, appropriate specificity and sensitivity can guarantee their usefulness in emergency room.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2014
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    • "Patients report headache as one of the most commonly reported reasons for ED visits [26, 27]. These visits may represent an annual cost ranging from $600 million to nearly $2 billion [12]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Migraine is under diagnosed and suboptimally treated in the majority of patients, and also associated with decreased productivity in employees. The objective of this retrospective study is to assess the antimigraine medication use and associated resource utilization in employed patients. Patients with primary diagnosis of migraine or receiving antimigraine prescription drugs were identified from an employer-sponsored health insurance plan in 2010. Medical utilization and health care costs were determined for the year of 2010. Generalized linear regression was applied to evaluate the association between health care costs and the use of antimigraine medications by controlling covariates. Of 465 patients meeting the study criteria, nearly 30% that had migraine diagnosis were prescribed antimigraine medications, and 20% that had migraine diagnosis were not prescribed antimigraine medications. The remaining 50% were prescribed antimigraine medications but did not have migraine diagnosis. Patients with antimigraine medication prescriptions showed lower frequency of emergency department visits than those without antimigraine medication prescriptions. Regression models indicated an increase in migraine-related health care costs by 86% but decreases in all-cause medical costs and total health care costs by 42 and 26%, respectively, in the antimigraine medication use group after adjusting for covariates. Employed patients experienced inadequate pharmacotherapy for migraine treatment. After controlling for covariates, antimigraine prescription drug use was associated with lower total medical utilization and health care costs. Further studies should investigate patient self-reported care and needs to manage headache and develop effective intervention to improve patient quality of life and productivity.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2011 · The Journal of Headache and Pain
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