Burnout of Caregivers: A Comparison Between Partners of Psychiatric Patients and Nurses
Department of Psychiatry, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
(Impact Factor: 0.85).
09/2006; 20(4):158-65. DOI: 10.1016/j.apnu.2005.12.004
Care of a person with mental illness involves multiple burdens, possibly leading to burnout. This study compares partners of persons with schizophrenia and depression with nursing staff based on dimensions of burnout. Nursing staff and partners of patients with schizophrenia or depression were consecutively recruited from psychiatric hospitals and interviewed with the Maslach Burnout Inventory. No significant differences were found in the three dimensions of burnout (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment) for the two groups of caregivers. About one fourth of the respondents in both groups showed a high degree of burnout. Professional and nonprofessional caregivers face a similar degree of burden and need support to perform their caretaking tasks.
Available from: Zahra Ghazavi
- "Pompili et al stated that although all nurses receive the same sources of stress, there are some particular requirements in psychiatry wards, including the normal interaction with the patients hospitalized in these wards.7 In different studies, it has been demonstrated that because of the particular nature of nursing, the job is susceptible to high levels of stress, and because of the particular situation of the patients in psychiatry wards, working in these wards is accompanied with higher levels of stress.8 "
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ABSTRACT: Nursing is a dynamic and supportive job, with the main role of taking care of patients. Maintaining appropriate communication of the nurse with the patients is particularly known as the main core of care in mental health. However, in spite of the importance of providing communication, one of the main sources of stress in nurses of psychiatry wards is communication with the patients. Some important reasons for inappropriate relationship between the nurse and patient can be lack of necessary skills to communicate with patients because of insufficient training. Although training communication skills is an important part of the education of medical and paramedical students, in recent studies it has been demonstrated that the communication skills learned in theoretical courses would not necessarily be transferred to clinical settings, and proving training in clinical settings is a must. The present study was carried out to determine the effect of training communication skills using psychoeducation method on the stress level of nurses of psychiatry wards in 2010.
This is a quasi-experimental study. The participants were 45 nurses; 23 and 22 in the experiment and control groups, respectively, working in psychiatry wards of Noor and Farabi hospitals, Isfahan, Iran. The sampling was carried out by the census method, and then the participants were randomly assigned to the two groups of experiment and control, using random number table. The two groups filled out the demographic data form and also the questionnaire on nurses' occupational stress, designed by the researcher. The questionnaire was filled out three times; before, immediately after, and one month after the training. Training of communication skills was carried out using group psychoeducation method, in six sessions, each lasted for 1.5 hours. The training sessions of the experiment group were held in Farabi Hospital.
The findings indicated that before the intervention, the members of the two groups had a high level of occupational stress. Immediately after the training, the stress level of the experiment group decreased significantly, and the decrease was sustained for the following one month.
Training communicative skills using group psychoeducation method can decrease the occupational stress of psychiatry ward nurses.
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ABSTRACT: In this article, we present caregivers' grapples with major depression seen among their physically ill patients. A thematic analysis of 29 in-depth caregiver interviews identified four themes: (a) caregivers' perceptions of depression, (b) barriers to caregivers' focus on depression, (c) resources and opportunities for managing depression, and (d) caregivers' perspectives on consequences of depression. Patients' physical illnesses concealed depressive episodes. Caregivers could not apply the label of "depression" but enumerated its indicative features. Stigmatization of depression, common with other mental illnesses and poverty, undermined caregiving. Vital caregiving resources included caregivers' willingness to meet patients' basic needs, facilitating patients' access to health care, informal counseling of patients, and ensuring patients' spiritual nourishment. Caregivers' management of depression in physically ill patients was expensive, but they coped; however, caregiving was burdensome. Ongoing support should be given not only to patients but caregivers, as well. To provide appropriate care, caregivers deserve sensitization about depression in the context of physical illness.
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ABSTRACT: Definitions and measures of significant others' mental health vary, but stress processes have been associated with caregiver outcomes of this kind. Thus, various mental health outcomes probably appear, either as specific responses to particular types of caregiver stressors, or as part of a general response resulting from an accumulation of various stressors. The present study explores the occurrence of symptoms of strain with regard to depression, exhaustion, and emotional well-being in significant others of patients dying from lung cancer, and how these symptoms coexist.
Measures used were the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale, the OLdenburg Burnout Inventory, and the Swedish Health-Related Quality of Life Survey. Data from 84 significant others of patients dying from lung cancer were collected at a time-point during the last 4 months before the patients died and subsequently analysed. The occurrence of symptoms of strain was established by creating cut-off scores from the general population. To explore how the different symptoms coexisted, hierarchical agglomerative cluster analyses were conducted using Ward's method.
Approximately 40% of the significant others reported symptoms of strain for each of the three outcomes, and a coexistence was found since the significant others clustered as subgroups, ranging from 'high on all scales' to 'low on all scales'.
A considerable proportion of the significant others were thus negatively affected in terms of mental health. We conclude that being a significant other of a person dying from lung cancer most likely results in a general response to this major life event.
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