[Role of adhesion molecules in a determination of progression stages and clinical prognosis of patients with Echinococcus multilocularis]
Alveococcosis in humans is characterized by a tumor-like growth with a tendency to infiltration of neighbouring organs or metastases formation in the lungs and brain. The study aimed to improve on the clinical evaluation of patients with alveolar echinococcosis (AE) and to determine the risk of metacestode spreading to adjacent tissues or distant organs by a detection of adhesion molecules involved in the tumorigenesis process. Serum concentrations of sPECAM-1, sVCAM-1 and sE-selectin adhesion molecules were studied in 8 AE patients in comparison to 75 cases with malignant neoplasms, including cases with tumors of hepatic and extra-hepatic location. The adhesion molecules were found to be early predictive markers of the active, tissue infiltrated alveococcosis with the risk of parasite spreading through the circulation. High serum levels of soluble PECAM-1 molecule were strongly related to the advanced, progressive disease and the fatality of patients' clinical prognosis.