PDZK1 Is Required for Maintaining Hepatic Scavenger Receptor, Class B, Type I (SR-BI) Steady State Levels but Not Its Surface Localization or Function
PDZK1 is a multi-PDZ domain-containing adaptor protein that binds to the C terminus of the high density lipoprotein receptor, scavenger receptor, class B, type I (SR-BI), and controls the posttranscriptional, tissue-specific expression of this lipoprotein receptor. In the absence of PDZK1 (PDZK1(-/-) mice), murine hepatic SR-BI protein levels are very low (<5% of control). As a consequence, abnormal plasma lipoprotein metabolism ( approximately 1.5-1.7-fold increased total plasma cholesterol carried in both normal size and abnormally large high density lipoprotein particles) resembles, but is not as severely defective as, that in SR-BI(-/-) mice. Here we show that the total plasma cholesterol levels and size distribution of lipoproteins are virtually identical in SR-BI(-/-) and SR-BI(-/-)/PDZK1(-/-) mice, indicating that most, if not all of the effects of PDZK1 on lipoprotein metabolism are likely because of the effects of PDZK1 on SR-BI. Hepatic overexpression of wild-type SR-BI in PDZK1(-/-) mice restored near or greater than normal levels of cell surface-expressed, functional SR-BI protein levels in the livers of SR-BI(-/-)/PDZK1(-/-) mice and consequently restored apparently normal lipoprotein metabolism in the absence of PDZK1. Thus, PDZK1 is important for maintaining adequate steady state levels of SR-BI in the liver but is not essential for cell surface expression or function of hepatic SR-BI.
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