“If It Hurts You, Then It Is Not a Joke”

Department of Psychology, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada.
Journal of Interpersonal Violence (Impact Factor: 1.64). 10/2006; 21(9):1191-207. DOI: 10.1177/0886260506290423
Source: PubMed


This study examined adolescents' ideas about girls' and boys' use and experience of physical and psychological abuse in heterosexual dating relationships. Canadian high school students who were enrolled in Grades 9 and 11 took part in single-gender focus groups. Eight themes emerged from the analysis. The themes highlight the importance teenagers place on context for defining specific behaviors as abusive. They also underscore gender differences in the criteria adolescents use to make these judgments, in the forms of abusive behavior teenagers typically use in a dating relationship, and in the reasons for youths' declining use of physical abuse and increasing use of psychological abuse. These views have important implications for future research and for programs targeting adolescent dating violence.

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    • "Similarly, it is observed that teenagers lack information on support services and professional resources and they might also distrust professional services, want to keep the abuse a secret, remain autonomous or fear retaliation from the perpetrator if they talk (Crisma et al., 2004; Vynckier, 2012). Apart from this, and not unlike adult victims of intimate partner violence, embarrassment prevents teenagers from disclosing DV (Sears et al., 2006). Another important reason why teenagers do not disclose DV is that they do not necessarily label certain behaviors as improper or unhealthy (Fernet, 2005; Van Camp et al., 2013) and 2 This double dark figure of crime reinforces the value of specific self-report research into teen DV (which has been found to be a reliable method to record youth violence (see for instance Rosenblatt, Furlong, 1997; Koss, Gidycz, 1985; Brener et al., 2002; Denniston et al., 2010) as well as data triangulation. "

    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015 · Temida
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    • "Gender effects vary depending upon whether the aggression is physical or psychological. Sears et al. (2006), in a qualitative study of adolescents' perceptions of physical and psychological aggression, reported a variety of themes that arose from the adolescents' discussions about physical and psychological aggression . The adolescents perceived that boys use physical aggression more than girls—because they have to control their emotions and eventually " explode. "
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    ABSTRACT: The present research examines the impact of type of aggression (physical/ psychological) and type of dyad (male aggressor/ female victim and female aggressor/ male victim) on perceptions of a conflict scenario and its combatants. Participants read scenarios depicting a conflict between a married heterosexual couple and reported their impressions of the aggressiveness of the encounter and of the aggressor and victim. Physical aggression was evaluated more negatively (both in terms of the encounter and its combatants) than psychological aggression. Male to female violence was judged more harshly (both in terms of the aggressiveness of the encounter and impressions of the combatants) than female to male violence. Study 2 extended Study 1, assessing the relationship of experience with physical and psychological aggression on perceptions. The results from Study 1 were replicated. Contrary to predictions, experience with physical and psychological aggression did not consistently relate to perceptions of these types of aggression.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2015 · Journal of Family Violence
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    • "Furthermore, there is a tendency for adolescents to blame the victims for the occurrence of abusive incidents [34]. Even though there are empirical findings supporting a general disapproval of violence among youths [10] and adults [11], certain forms of violence are still accepted under certain circumstances [7] [35] [36]. Legitimizing beliefs seem to be higher among boys [5] [21], especially those professing more traditional attitudes toward gender roles [35], and between aggressors [11]. "
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    ABSTRACT: This study examines the attitudes about intimate violence and compares the prevalence of abuse reported by married and dating participants, by type of abuse and sex of respondent. A sample of 3,716 participants, aged 15 to 67 years, filled in one attitudinal questionnaire and a self-report instrument on abuse perpetration and victimization. Attitudinal data revealed a general disapproval of violence use, with greater violence support among males and married participants. When comparing violence in both relational contexts, we found that in terms of perpetration, more dating partners reported physical abuse and severe forms of physical abuse than married partners. Suggestions for future research are discussed.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2014
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