Discrimination learning and extinction in Paramecia (P-caudatum)

ArticleinPsychological Reports 98(3):705-11 · July 2006with31 Reads
Impact Factor: 0.53 · DOI: 10.2466/pr0.98.3.705-711 · Source: PubMed


    Prior attempts to condition a one-celled organism, paramecium, by either classical or instrumental procedures have yielded both positive and negative results. As the results of those studies may be subject to several interpretations other than one indicating learning, it was decided to use a more traditional technique for the present study. This experiment was designed to assess whether aversive electric shock could be used to train paramecia on a brightness discrimination task, a procedure that has been used in animal learning research. The results indicated that such learning may have occurred.