Frequency of anti-hsp60, -65 and -70 antibodies in sera of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis

Department of Paediatrics (2. LF), Charles University in Prague, Praha, Praha, Czech Republic
Journal of Autoimmunity (Impact Factor: 8.41). 10/2006; 27(2):81-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaut.2006.06.006
Source: PubMed


Cross-reactivity between microbial and human heat shock proteins (hsps) led to the concept that hsp might be involved in the etiopathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. We investigated antibodies to recombinant human hsp60, recombinant Mycobacterium bovis hsp65 and to stress-inducible recombinant human hsp70 using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in sera of 209 juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients and 50 healthy controls. Anti-hsp60 antibodies did not exceed the control level in any JIA patient. The numbers of JIA patients (16/209, 7.6%) who raised anti-hsp65 antibodies was equal to healthy controls (4/50, 8%). Elevated levels of antibodies against hsp70 were found in a cohort of patients with JIA (36.8%) when compared with age-matched healthy individuals (2%). These antibodies were predominantly of IgG isotype in systemic disease and IgM isotype in oligoarthritis. In polyarthritis both IgG and IgM antibodies frequently occurred. Significantly higher anti-hsp70 antibody levels were found in RF-positive JIA patients. The levels of anti-hsp70 antibodies correlated with the severity of disease evaluated on the basis of Steinbrocker's functional classification and rtg staging system. No association between anti-hsp70 antibody levels and ANA, HLA B27 and disease duration (less than 2 years x more than 2 years) was observed except IgM anti-hsp70 antibody where significantly higher levels were also detected in HLA B27-positive patients. The prevalence of anti-hsp70 antibodies is much higher in JIA patients when compared with healthy controls, suggesting their possible role in pathological mechanism of the disease.

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    • "ANA testing to diagnose JIA is therefore limited due to its low disease specificity. Several other autoantigens, such as heat shock glomerular and endothelial proteins, have also been assessed in JIA, but the results are inconsistent and of limited value either for diagnosis or for understanding the disease pathological mechanism [43-45]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a heterogeneous disease characterized by chronic joint inflammation of unknown cause in children. JIA is an autoimmune disease and small numbers of autoantibodies have been reported in JIA patients. The identification of antibody markers could improve the existing clinical management of patients. A pilot study was performed on the application of a high-throughput platform, the nucleic acid programmable protein array (NAPPA), to assess the levels of antibodies present in the systemic circulation and synovial joint of a small cohort of juvenile arthritis patients. Plasma and synovial fluid from 10 JIA patients was screened for antibodies against 768 proteins on NAPPAs. Quantitative reproducibility of NAPPAs was demonstrated with > 0.95 intra-array and inter-array correlations. A strong correlation was also observed for the levels of antibodies between plasma and synovial fluid across the study cohort (r = 0.96). Differences in the levels of 18 antibodies were revealed between sample types across all patients. Patients were segregated into two clinical subtypes with distinct antibody signatures by unsupervised hierarchical cluster analysis. The NAPPAs provide a high-throughput quantitatively reproducible platform to screen for disease-specific autoantibodies at the proteome level on a microscope slide. The strong correlation between the circulating antibody levels and those of the inflamed joint represents a novel finding and provides confidence to use plasma for discovery of autoantibodies in JIA, thus circumventing the challenges associated with joint aspiration. We expect that autoantibody profiling of JIA patients on NAPPAs could yield antibody markers that can act as criteria to stratify patients, predict outcomes and understand disease etiology at the molecular level.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2012 · Arthritis research & therapy
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    • "Autoantibodies reacting with different tissue autoantigens can be detected in sera of patients with JIA [10–36]. In parallel to seropositive RA, a distinct group of patients with polyarticular onset JIA are characterized by the presence of rheumatoid factor (RF) [1, 28]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) is the most common cause of chronic arthritis in childhood and adolescents and encompasses a heterogeneous group of different diseases. Due to the promising results of B-cell depleting therapies in rheumatoid arthritis the role of B-cells in autoimmune diseases has to be discussed in a new context. Additionally, experiments in mouse models have shed new light on the antibody-independent role of B-cells in the development of autoimmune diseases. In this review we will discuss the importance of B-cells in the pathogenesis of JIA appraising the question for an immunological basis of B-cell targeted therapy in JIA.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2010
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    • "The above correlations support suggestion that Hsp40s may participate in the pathomechanisms of RA in humans. A correlation between the level of humoral response and Steinbrocker's stages was demonstrated previously for another class of Hsps, the Hsp70 (Zlacka et al. 2006). Our results indicated that while the anti-DnaJ response is lower at the advanced compared to the early RA stage, the anti-Hdj2 response is maintained at a high level at both stages. "
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    ABSTRACT: Recent research on the heat shock proteins (Hsps) in chronic inflammatory diseases indicates that Hsps may have disease-suppressive activities. Our aim was to characterize immune response directed to bacterial (DnaJ) and human Hsp40s in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We found elevated levels of anti-DnaJ, anti-Hdj2, and anti-Hdj3 (but not ant-Hdj1) serum antibodies in the RA patients (P < or = 0.001) compared to healthy controls. In peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) culture, all tested Hsp40 proteins significantly inhibited the divisions of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells of the RA patients but not those of the controls. Both DnaJ and Hdj2 stimulated secretion of the main anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 by PBMCs of the RA patients (P < 0.05), and of IL-6 by PBMCs of the RA (P < 0.001) and control (P < 0.01) groups. DnaJ reduced TNFalpha secretion (P < 0.05) by both groups of PBMCs. Our results show for the first time that the RA patients have an increased humoral response to human Hsp40 proteins Hdj2 and Hdj3. This is also the first description of immunomodulatory effect of human Hsp40s on T cells and cytokine secretion in RA, suggesting that Hsp40s act as natural anti-inflammatory agents in RA.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2010 · Cell Stress and Chaperones
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