[Clinical study on haploid HLA-matched hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for treatment of malignant hematological disease]

Article · August 2006with1 Reads
Source: PubMed
Abstract
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is the most effective method to treat malignant hematological disease. However the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling donors can be found for only 25%-30% patients. The probability of finding an unrelated matched donor is 1/50000-1/100000, or even lower. If we choose haploid HLA-matched hematopoietic stem cell transplantation instead, we may be able to find donors for 90% patients. Our present study was to explore the feasibility of allo-HSCT by using haploid HLA-matched donor in treatment for malignant hematological disease. Twenty-five patients with malignant hematological disease received allo-HSCT with HLA 2 or 3 antigen mismatched related donors. All patients were treated with intensive immunosuppression, granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) mobilization, antithymocyte globulin (ATG) and combination of bone marrow and peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. The conditioning regimen was intensified and prolonged by using the combination of cyclosporine (Cs) A, MMF, ATG and anti-CD25 antibody for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis. All patients achieved sustained, full donortype engraftment. Acute GVHD occurred in 21 of 25 patients. Eight of them were grade I aGVHD, six grade II aGVHD, two grade III aGVHD and five grade IV aGVHD. The cumulative incidence of grade II-IV aGVHD was 48%,and grade III-IV aGVHD was 28.57%. Chronic GVHD was observed in 12 of 25 patients and none of them developed extensive cGVHD. Sixteen patients were alive and disease free, with 64.0+/- 2.98% 1 year disease-free survival rate. One year overall survival rate was 64.0+/-3.08%. Nine patients died, 1 from relapse and 8 from transplantation related mortality. Haploid HLA-matched allo-HSCT is a relatively efficient method for the treatment of patients with malignant hematological disease, who have no related matched donors. Nevertheless, strict administration should be carried out since it's a high risk approach.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Lack of human leucocyte antigen-matched family donors has restricted the application of hematopoietic cell transplantation. Due to immunological disorder of humam leucocyte antigen misit, common way for haploidentical transplantation is associated with poor engraftment and severe graft-versus-host disease. Because not every patient has HLA-identical family member, a substantial proportion of patients will receive haploidentical transplantation. Objective: To explore the curative effect on malignant hematological diseases of haploidentical peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) using myeloablative conditioning regimen in combination of proper immunosuppressants without in vitro T-celf depletion. Design, time and setting: A case observation was performed at the Department of Hematology in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from July 2002 to June 2008. Participants: Forty-two patients with malignant hematological diseases, including 29 standard-risk patients and 13 high-risk patients, age from 10 to 48 years, were transplanted with cells from a haploidentical family donor with 1-3 mismatched loci of HLA antigens. Seven patients had 1 locus mismatched donors and thirty-five patients had 2-3 loci mismatched donors. Methods: The patients have received myeloablative conditioning regimen. A two-agent based graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis was used as cyclosporine A and a short course of methotrexate. Mycophenolate mofetile was added for 1 locus mismatched patients. Mycophenolate mofetile, antithymocyte globulin and CD25 mono-colonal antibody were added for 2-3 loci mismatched patients. The grafts were granulocyte colony-stimulating factor-mobilized peripheral blood stem cells without in vitro T-cell depletion. Main outcome measures: Engraftment, GVHD incidence and severity, relapse and leukemia-free survival and the immune function of patients in months 1, 3, 6, 12 and 18 postoperatively. Results: Totally 42 patients achieved complete and sustained donor-type engraftment, Nineteen patients developed acute GVHD, the 2-year cumulative incidences of acute GVHD were 50.8%, grade I acute GVHD occurred in 16 cases and grade II in 3 cases. Thirty-one patients were followed up more than 6 months, 23 of them developed chronic GVHD with limited in 20 and extensive in 3, the 2-year cumulative incidences of chronic GVHD were 57.1%. No patients died of GVHD. There were no significant differences in the reduction and recovery of T cells and B cells between HLA haploidentical PBSCT without in vitro T cell depletion and HLA-matched PBSCT. Conclusions: Haploidentical PBSCT is feasible and safe for malignant hematological diseases to use myeloablative conditioning regiment combination of intensive immunosuppressants without in vitro T cell depletion. A large amount of clinical cases need to be investigated in the near future.
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