Treatment costs and clinical outcome for first episode schizophrenia patients: A 3-year follow-up of the Swedish 'Parachute Project' and Two Comparison Groups

ArticleinActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica 114(4):274-81 · November 2006with3 Reads
Impact Factor: 5.61 · DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.2006.00788.x · Source: PubMed

    Abstract

    To evaluate "need-specific treatment" of first episode schizophrenia syndrome patients.
    Sixty-one consecutive first episode schizophrenia syndrome patients were followed over 3 years. They were compared with a Historical "treatment as usual" group (n = 41) and a Prospective group from a high quality social and biological psychiatry centre (n = 25).
    Symptomatic and functional outcome was significantly better compared with the Historical group and equal with the Prospective group. During the first year, the direct costs for in- and out-patient care per patient in the Parachute project were less than half of those in the Prospective group.
    The study confirms the feasibility, clinically and economically, with a large scale application of "need-specific treatments" for first episode psychotic patients.